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Gut microbiota differences induced by Toxoplasma gondii seropositivity in stray cats in South Korea

Authors
 Sooji Hong  ;  Jun Ho Choi  ;  Singeun Oh  ;  Myung-Hee Yi  ;  Soo Lim Kim  ;  Myungjun Kim  ;  Chung Won Lee  ;  Hyun-Jong Yang  ;  Jong-Yil Chai  ;  Tai-Soon Yong  ;  Bong-Kwang Jung  ;  Ju Yeong Kim 
Citation
 PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH, Vol.122(10) : 2413-2421, 2023-10 
Journal Title
PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH
ISSN
 0932-0113 
Issue Date
2023-10
MeSH
Animals ; Cats ; Gastrointestinal Microbiome* ; Microbiota* ; RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology ; Toxoplasma* / genetics
Keywords
16S rDNA ; Cat ; Microbiota ; Parasite ; Toxoplasma gondii
Abstract
T. gondii is a highly prevalent parasite worldwide, with cats serving as its final host. However, few studies have investigated the impact of T. gondii infection on cat gut microbiota. Therefore, this study examined the influence of T. gondii infection on the gut microbiota of stray cats and identified potential pathogens in their feces. This study examined T. gondii infection through blood of stray cats and the influence of microbiota in their feces using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The results revealed significant differences in gut microbiota composition and diversity between the T. gondii seropositive and seronegative groups. Seropositive samples displayed a lower number of operational taxonomic units and reduced Shannon index than the seronegative samples. The seropositive and seronegative groups exhibited enrichment of taxa, including Escherichia and Enterobacteriaceae and Collinsella, Bifidobacterium, and Roseburia, respectively. Furthermore, potential pathogen species, including Campylobacter, Escherichia, and Streptococcus, were identified in the fecal samples. These findings suggest that T. gondii infection significantly impacts gut microbiota composition and diversity in stray cats. Additionally, an increased potential pathogen load, represented by Escherichia spp., was observed. These results underscore the importance of monitoring the prevalence of zoonotic pathogens in stray cats, as they can serve as reservoirs for zoonotic diseases.
Full Text
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00436-023-07943-y
DOI
10.1007/s00436-023-07943-y
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Others (기타) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ju Yeong(김주영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2456-6298
Yong, Tai Soon(용태순) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3445-0769
Yi, Myung Hee(이명희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9537-5726
Choi, Jun Ho(최준호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7416-3377
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/197577
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