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Changes in condylar position during orthodontic treatment depending on the amount of incisor retraction: a cone-beam computed tomography study

 Sang Ah Cho  ;  Pi-En Chang  ;  Bumyeon Koh  ;  Younjung Park  ;  Jung Jin Park  ;  Yoon Jeong Choi 
 CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS, Vol.27(9) : 5297-5307, 2023-09 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography ; Humans ; Incisor / diagnostic imaging ; Mandibular Condyle* / diagnostic imaging ; Maxilla ; Temporomandibular Joint ; Temporomandibular Joint Disorders*
Incisor retraction ; Joint space ; Orthodontic treatment ; Premolar extraction treatment ; Temporomandibular disorder
Objectives: Orthodontic treatment may be associated with temporomandibular disorders through changes in the condylar position. This study aimed to evaluate changes in the condylar position among different amounts of maxillary incisor retraction during orthodontic treatment using cone-beam computed tomography images.

Materials and methods: Fifty-four participants were enrolled and divided into minimal (n = 14), moderate (n = 20), and maximal (n = 20) retraction groups based on the amount of incisor retraction (< 1, 1-6, and > 6 mm, respectively). Changes in condylar position before (T0) and after (T1) orthodontic treatment were assessed for the superior, anterior, posterior, and medial joint spaces (SJS, AJS, PJS, and MJS, respectively). Changes in joint spaces were compared between T0 and T1 in each group using paired t-tests and among the three groups using analysis of variance.

Results: Anterior movement of the condyle was observed in the maximal retraction group with a 0.2 mm decrease in ΔAJS and a 0.2 mm increase in ΔPJS, significantly greater than those in the minimal retraction group. The AJS and PJS showed statistically significant differences between T0 and T1 (P < 0.05) in the maximal retraction group.

Conclusions: The condyle may show a statistically significant but clinically insignificant forward movement in the maximal incisor retraction group, whereas it was relatively stable in the minimal and moderate incisor retraction groups.

Clinical relevance: More attention should be paid to the signs and symptoms of the condyle in patients with excessive incisor retraction during orthodontic treatment.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine (구강내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Youn-Jung(박연정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9152-7849
Choi, Yoon Jeong(최윤정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0781-8836
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