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YAP1 Expression in HR+HER2- Breast Cancer: 21-Gene Recurrence Score Analysis and Public Dataset Validation

 Inho Park  ;  Yangkyu Lee  ;  Jee Hung Kim  ;  Soong June Bae  ;  Sung Gwe Ahn  ;  Joon Jeong  ;  Yoon Jin Cha 
 CANCERS, Vol.15(20) : 5034, 2023-10 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Yes-associated protein 1 ; breast neoplasms ; estrogen ; pathology ; prognosis ; receptors
Background: YAP1, an oncogene in numerous cancers, is a downstream transcription factor of the Hippo pathway. This study focuses on its relationship with the Oncotype Dx (ODX) test risk score (RS) in patients with hormone-receptor-positive, HER2-negative (HR+HER2-) breast cancer.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 401 HR+HER2- breast cancer patients from Gangnam Severance Hospital who underwent ODX tests (May 2014-April 2020). YAP1 nuclear localization was evaluated via immunohistochemical staining and its clinical correlation with clinicopathological parameters, including RS, was analyzed. Public datasets TCGA-BRCA and METABRIC validated clinical outcomes.

Results: YAP1 expression negatively correlated with ODX RS (OR 0.373, p = 0.002). Elevated YAP1 mRNA levels corresponded to better clinical outcomes, specifically in ER-positive patients, with significant results in METABRIC and TCGA-BRCA datasets (p < 0.0001 OS in METABRIC, p = 0.00085 RFS in METABRIC, p = 0.040 DFS in TCGA-BRCA). In subsets with varying ESR1 mRNA expression and pronounced YAP1 expression, superior survival outcomes were consistently observed.

Conclusion: YAP1 may be a valuable prognostic marker and potential therapeutic target in HR+HER2- breast cancer patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jee Hung(김지형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9044-8540
Park, Inho(박인호)
Bae, Soong June(배숭준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0012-9694
Ahn, Sung Gwe(안성귀) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8778-9686
Lee, Yangkyu(이양규)
Jeong, Joon(정준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0397-0005
Cha, Yoon Jin(차윤진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5967-4064
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