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Digital literacy among Korean older adults: A scoping review of quantitative studies

 Hun Kang  ;  Jiwon Baek  ;  Sang Hui Chu  ;  JiYeon Choi 
 DIGITAL HEALTH, Vol.9 : 2.05521E+16, 2023-08 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Digital health ; digital literacy ; e-health ; measurement ; older adults ; scoping review
Background: While digital literacy has become an essential competency for individuals across generations and sectors of society, supporting digital literacy in older adults is particularly challenging. South Korea is among the many countries undergoing rapid digitalization and population aging. Therefore, it is timely to identify the current understanding of digital literacy among older adults in South Korea.

Aim: To identify prior studies that quantitatively measure digital literacy among older adults in South Korea and to identify and evaluate how digital literacy was measured in the reviewed studies.

Methods: The study followed Arksey and O'Malley's scoping review framework, searching through four international (PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and Cochrane Library) and four Korean (RISS, KISS, KCI, and KMBase) databases.

Results: Among 42 studies included in the final analysis, 38 were cross-sectional studies, and 21 employed primary data. Digital literacy was assessed in various scopes, including digital literacy, e-health literacy, Internet use, and smartphone use. Of the 25 identified measures, three were validated; the rest varied greatly, from using a few items from large surveys to employing investigator-developed measures. Based on the European Commission's Digital Competence Framework, the most commonly addressed components were "information and data literacy" and "communication and collaboration."

Conclusions: In recent years, attention toward digital literacy among South Korean older adults has grown rapidly. However, the level of digital literacy among older adults in South Korea remains inconclusive given measurement heterogeneity. Developing and validating more robust measures are warranted to evaluate digital literacy among older adults with diverse functions and circumstances.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Choi, JiYeon(최지연) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1947-7952
Chu, Sang Hui(추상희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6877-5599
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