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Association Between Migraine and Ischemic Cardio-Cerebrovascular Disease (CCVD) and Effects of Triptans and Ergotamine on the Risk of Ischemic CCVD in Patients with Migraine in the Korean NHIS-HEALS Cohort

 Yonghwan Kim  ;  Sang-Jun Shin  ;  Jae-Woo Lee  ;  Ye-Seul Kim  ;  Hyo-Sun You  ;  Joungyoun Kim  ;  Hee-Taik Kang 
 CLINICAL DRUG INVESTIGATION, Vol.43(7) : 541-550, 2023-07 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Cerebrovascular Disorders* / complications ; Cerebrovascular Disorders* / drug therapy ; Ergotamine / adverse effects ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Migraine Disorders* / drug therapy ; Migraine Disorders* / epidemiology ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Tryptamines / adverse effects
Background and objectives: Triptans and ergotamine are commonly used to treat migraine, a risk factor for ischemic stroke. This study aimed to investigate the association between migraine and ischemic cardio-cerebrovascular disease (CCVD). Further analyses were performed to examine whether symptom-relieving treatment of migraine with triptans and ergotamine reduces ischemic CCVD in migraineurs.

Methods: Participants from the Korean NHIS-HEALS cohort database were divided into patients reporting headache without migraine (HA), migraineurs who received at least one prescription for triptans or ergotamine (TE), and migraineurs who were prescribed neither triptans nor ergotamine (NTNE). Ischemic CCVDs comprised ischemic cerebrovascular diseases and cardiovascular diseases. Using cox proportional hazards regression models, primary and secondary analysis for risk of ischemic CCVDs was compared.

Results: Among 62,272 patients diagnosed with migraine or HA, men with migraine or HA numbered 14,747 and 8935, respectively, while the numbers of women were 27,836 and 10,754, respectively. The median follow-up was 6.65 years. The overall incidence rate of CCVDs was 4728/38,590 (12.25%) in females and 3158/23,682 (13.33%) in males. Compared with the HA group, the hazard ratios (HRs) (95% CIs) of the TE and NTNE groups for ischemic CCVDs were 1.18 (1.01-1.39) and 1.39 (1.28-1.50), respectively, in males, and 1.22 (1.09-1.37) and 1.53 (1.42-1.65), respectively, in females, after full adjustment for confounding variables. Compared with the NTNE group, the HRs (95% CIs) of the TE group for ischemic CCVDs were 0.86 (0.73-0.999) in males and 0.80 (0.72-0.88) in females.

Conclusions: Migraine increased the risk of ischemic CCVDs in both sexes, and migraineurs treated with triptans and ergotamine were at lower risk of ischemic CCVDs than migraineurs who did not take those medications, especially in women.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hee Taik(강희택) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8048-6247
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