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Korean dental hygiene students' perceptions and attitudes toward artificial intelligence: An online survey

Authors
 Hui Jeong  ;  Sang-Sun Han  ;  Ki-Eun Kim  ;  Il-Soon Park  ;  Youngyuhn Choi  ;  Kug Jin Jeon 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION, Vol.87(6) : 804-812, 2023-06 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION
ISSN
 0022-0337 
Issue Date
2023-06
MeSH
Artificial Intelligence* ; Attitude of Health Personnel ; Dental Hygienists / education ; Humans ; Oral Hygiene* ; Republic of Korea ; Students ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
artificial intelligence ; attitude ; dental ; dental hygienists ; education ; perception
Abstract
Objectives: This study investigated Korean dental hygiene students' perceptions and attitudes toward artificial intelligence (AI) and aimed to identify needs for education to strengthen professional competencies.

Methods: A 24-question online survey was conducted to the dental hygiene students from four Korean schools in 2021. The questionnaire included seven questions on basic characteristics and 17 AI-related questions on the student's attitudes toward AI, the confidence in AI, predictions about AI, and its future prospects. Responses were analyzed according to the frequencies and correlations between the participants' subjective level of knowledge about AI and questions using chi-square test.

Results: Invitations were sent out to 1310 students and 800 (61.1%) participated. Note that 44.2% of participants were interested in AI, and 93.1% accessed AI-related information through the internet. Participants expressed lower confidence in AI's diagnosis (14.8%) and judgment (8.1%) than in those of humans, and 21.9% believed AI would replace their job. The proportions of participants with positive perceptions of the usefulness and the potential for improvement of AI in dentistry were 65.5% and 55.4%, respectively. Participants from schools who had existing AI knowledge expressed higher demands for AI-related content as compared to those who did not (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Although dental hygiene students expressed low level of confidence in AI, they were interested in AI and had positive views of its application and potential for improvement. However, the fact they had little AI-related information from dental hygiene curriculum strongly suggests the need for AI-related lectures in schools to prepare for the future.
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jdd.13189
DOI
10.1002/jdd.13189
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (영상치의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Jeon, Kug Jin(전국진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5862-2975
Han, Sang Sun(한상선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1775-7862
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/195925
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