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Impact of cholecystectomy on acute coronary syndrome according to metabolic condition: a nationwide population-based cohort study

 Wonjeong Chae  ;  Hee Seung Lee  ;  Jung Hyun Jo  ;  Moon Jae Chung  ;  Seungmin Bang  ;  Seung Woo Park  ;  Si Young Song  ;  Sung-In Jang  ;  Jeong Youp Park 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.13(1) : 7300, 2023-05 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Acute Coronary Syndrome* / complications ; Acute Coronary Syndrome* / epidemiology ; Acute Coronary Syndrome* / surgery ; Cholecystectomy / adverse effects ; Cohort Studies ; Diabetes Mellitus* ; Gallstones* / complications ; Gallstones* / epidemiology ; Gallstones* / surgery ; Humans ; Risk Factors
Gallbladder stones (GS) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the relationship between cholecystectomy for GS and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is unknown. We investigated the ACS risk in patients with GS and its association with cholecystectomy. Data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort from 2002 to 2013 was extracted. Overall, 64,370 individuals were selected through a 1:3 propensity score matching. Patients were stratified into two groups for comparison: the gallstone group, GS patients with or without cholecystectomy; and the control group, patients without GS or cholecystectomy. The gallstone group exhibited a higher risk of ACS than the control group (hazard ratio [HR], 1.30; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.15–1.47; P < 0.0001). In the gallstone group, individuals without cholecystectomy had a higher risk of ACS development (HR: 1.35, 95% CI 1.17–1.55, P < 0.0001). Patients with GS with diabetes, hypertension, or dyslipidemia, had a higher risk of developing ACS than GS patients without the metabolic diseases (HR: 1.29, P < 0.001). The risk did not significantly differ after cholecystectomy compared to those without GS (HR: 1.15, P = 0.1924), but without cholecystectomy, the risk of ACS development was significantly higher than control group (1.30, 95% CI 1.13–1.50, P = 0.0004). Among patients without above metabolic disorders, cholecystectomy was still associated with increased ACS risk in the gallstone group (HR: 2.93, 95% CI 1.27–6.76, P = 0.0116). GS increased the risk of ACS. The effect of cholecystectomy on ACS risk differs according to the presence or absence of metabolic disorders. Thus, the decision to perform cholecystectomy for GS should consider both the ACS risk and the underlying disorders. © 2023, The Author(s).
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Seung Woo(박승우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8230-964X
Park, Jeong Youp(박정엽) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0110-8606
Bang, Seungmin(방승민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5209-8351
Song, Si Young(송시영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1417-4314
Lee, Hee Seung(이희승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2825-3160
Jang, Sung In(장성인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0760-2878
Chung, Moon Jae(정문재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5920-8549
Jo, Jung Hyun(조중현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2641-8873
Chae, Wonjeong(채원정)
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