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Production of Dermatophagoides farinae Having Low Bacterial Content Using Ampicillin

 Ju Yeong Kim  ;  Myung-Hee Yi  ;  Myungjun Kim  ;  Jun Ho Choi  ;  Seogwon Lee  ;  Tai-Soon Yong 
 JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY RESEARCH, Vol.2023 : 9024595, 2023-05 
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Allergens ; Ampicillin / pharmacology ; Animals ; Antigens, Dermatophagoides ; Asthma* / drug therapy ; Dermatophagoides farinae* ; Humans ; Immunoglobulin E ; Inflammation ; Lipopolysaccharides ; Mice
Background: Symbiotic bacteria in house dust mites pose a risk of immunological side effects in the clinical use of immunotherapeutic agents. In this study, we investigated the duration for which the bacterial concentration in Dermatophagoides farinae could be kept low with antibiotic treatment, and whether the allergenic properties of the mite changed under ampicillin treatment.

Methods: D. farinae was cultivated in the presence of ampicillin powder in an autoclaved medium for 6 weeks. After subsequent subcultures without ampicillin, the mites were harvested, and the extract was prepared. The amounts of bacteria, lipopolysaccharides (LPS), and two major allergens (Der f 1 and Der f 2) were measured. Human bronchial epithelial cells and mice were treated with the D. farinae extract to assess the allergic airway inflammation.

Results: The number of bacteria and level of LPS were reduced by 150-fold and 33-fold, respectively, at least 18 weeks after ampicillin treatment. The concentration of Der f 1 and Der f 2 remained unchanged by ampicillin treatment. The secretion of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 from the human airway epithelial cells decreased when treated with the extract of ampicillin-treated D. farinae compared with that of ampicillin-untreated D. farinae. A mouse asthma model was developed using ampicillin-treated D. farinae. We observed that the level of lung function, airway inflammation, and serum-specific immunoglobulin were not different for the mouse asthma model developed using ampicillin-treated D. farinae than the model developed using ampicillin-untreated D. farinae.

Conclusions: We showed that bacterial content in D. farinae was reduced by ampicillin treatment, which was sufficient to induce allergic sensitization and an immune response. This method will be used to develop more controlled allergy immunotherapeutic agents.

Copyright © 2023 Ju Yeong Kim et al.
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Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ju Yeong(김주영) ORCID logo
Yong, Tai Soon(용태순) ORCID logo
Yi, Myung Hee(이명희) ORCID logo
Choi, Jun Ho(최준호) ORCID logo
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