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Effect of dementia on all-cause mortality in hip fracture surgery: a retrospective study on a nationwide Korean cohort

 Sung Hoon Jeong  ;  Hyeon Ji Lee  ;  Seung Hoon Kim  ;  Eun-Cheol Park  ;  Suk-Yong Jang 
 BMJ OPEN, Vol.13(5) : e069579, 2023-05 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Dementia* / complications ; Hip Fractures* ; Humans ; Proportional Hazards Models ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology ; Retrospective Studies ; Risk Factors
dementia ; epidemiology ; geriatric medicine ; hip ; public health ; surgery
Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the effect of dementia on the 1-year all-cause mortality in elderly patients who underwent hip fracture surgery, using a nationwide cohort in Korea.

Design, setting, and participants: This was a nationwide, retrospective study. Elderly patients (≥60 years) with and without dementia who underwent hip fracture surgery between January 2005 and December 2012 were distinguished using the data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Senior cohort.

Interventions: None.

Primary and secondary outcome measures: The mortality rates with 95% CIs and the impact of dementia on all-cause mortality were calculated using a generalised linear model with Poisson distribution and a multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards model, respectively.

Results: Among the 10 833 patients who underwent hip fracture surgery, 13.4% were diagnosed with dementia. During the 1-year follow-up period, 1586 patients with hip fracture without dementia died in 8356.5 person-years (incidence rate (IR)=189.2 per 1000 person-years, 95% CI 179.91 to 198.99), while 340 deaths were confirmed in patients with hip fracture with dementia in 1240.8 person-years (IR, 273.1 per 1000 person-years, 95% CI 244.94 to 304.58). Patients with hip fracture and dementia were 1.23 times more likely to die than those in the control group in the same period (HR=1.23, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.39).

Conclusion: Dementia is a risk factor for 1-year all-cause mortality after hip fracture surgery. To improve the postoperative outcomes of patients with dementia who have undergone hip fracture surgery, effective treatment models such as multidisciplinary diagnosis and strategic rehabilitation should be established.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Jang, Suk Yong(장석용)
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