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Impact of tuberculosis on the incidence of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures: a nationwide population-based cohort study

 S H Park  ;  S R Yoon  ;  J Y Nam  ;  J Y Ahn  ;  S J Jeong  ;  N S Ku  ;  J Y Choi  ;  J-S Yeom  ;  J H Kim 
 PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.216 : 13-20, 2023-03 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Cohort Studies ; Female ; Hip Fractures* / epidemiology ; Humans ; Incidence ; Male ; Osteoporosis* / epidemiology ; Osteoporotic Fractures* / epidemiology ; Osteoporotic Fractures* / etiology ; Risk Factors ; Tuberculosis*
Osteoporosis ; Osteoporotic fractures ; Tuberculosis
Objectives: Despite the high prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) and the disease burden of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures, there is still a lack of well-designed, large-scale studies demonstrating associations among them. We aimed to investigate the effect of TB on the incidence of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. Study design: This was a nationwide population–based cohort study. Methods: This study was conducted using the National Health Insurance Service Database of South Korea. We included patients with newly diagnosed TB aged >40 years from January 2006 to December 2017. An uninfected control for each TB patient was randomly extracted by frequency matching for sex, age, income level, residence, and registration date at a 2:1 ratio. The primary outcome was the incidence of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures between the two groups, adjusted for sex, age, income level, residence, comorbidities, body mass index, blood pressure, laboratory tests, alcohol drinking, and smoking. The risk factors associated with osteoporosis or osteoporotic fractures were also investigated. Results: A total of 164,389 patients with TB and 328,778 matched controls were included (71.9% males). The mean duration of follow-up was 7.00 ± 3.49 years. The incidence of osteoporosis in patients with TB was 6.1 cases per 1000 person-years, which was significantly higher than that in matched controls (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 1.349, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.302–1.398, P < 0.001). The incidence of osteoporotic fractures was also higher in patients with TB than in controls (aHR 1.392, 95% CI 1.357–1.428, P < 0.001). Among fractures, the risk of hip fracture was the highest (aHR 1.703, 95% CI 1.612–1.798, P < 0.001). Conclusions: TB independently contributes to the incidence of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures, particularly hip fractures. © 2022 The Royal Society for Public Health
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ku, Nam Su(구남수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9717-4327
Kim, Jung Ho(김정호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5033-3482
Yeom, Joon Sup(염준섭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8940-7170
Jeong, Su Jin(정수진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4025-4542
Choi, Jun Yong(최준용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2775-3315
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