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Effect of bacterial resistant zwitterionic derivative incorporation on the physical properties of resin-modified glass ionomer luting cement

 Chengzan Wu  ;  Min-Ji Kim  ;  Utkarsh Mangal  ;  Ji-Young Seo  ;  Ji-Yeong Kim  ;  Junho Kim  ;  Ju-Young Park  ;  Jae-Sung Kwon  ;  Sung-Hwan Choi 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.13(1) : 3589, 2023-03 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Acrylic Resins* ; Betaine* ; Glass Ionomer Cements
Biofilms induce microbial-mediated surface roughening and deterioration of cement. In this study, zwitterionic derivatives (ZD) of sulfobetaine methacrylate (SBMA) and 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine, were added in concentrations of 0, 1, and 3% to three different types of commercially available resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) (RMC-I: RelyX Luting 2, RMC-II: Nexus RMGI, and RMC-III: GC FujiCEM 2). The unmodified RMGICs served as the control group for comparison. The resistance of Streptococcus mutans to ZD-modified RMGIC was evaluated with a monoculture biofilm assay. The following physical properties of the ZD-modified RMGIC were assessed: wettability, film thickness, flexural strength, elastic modulus, shear bond strength, and failure mode. The ZD-modified RMGIC significantly inhibited biofilm formation, with at least a 30% reduction compared to the control group. The addition of ZD improved the wettability of RMGIC; however, only 3% of the SBMA group was statistically different (P < 0.05). The film thickness increased in proportion to the increasing ZD concentrations; there was no statistical difference within the RMC-I (P > 0.05). The experimental groups' flexural strength, elastic modulus, and shear bond strength showed an insignificant decrease from the control group; there was no statistical difference within the RMC-I (P > 0.05). The mode of failure differed slightly in each group, but all groups showed dominance in the adhesive and mixed failure. Thus, the addition of 1 wt.% ZD in RMGIC favorably enhanced the resistance to Streptococcus mutans without any tangible loss in flexural and shear bond strength. © 2023, The Author(s).
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering (치과생체재료공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Jae-Sung(권재성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9803-7730
Mangal, Utkarsh(만갈웃커시)
Choi, Sung Hwan(최성환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1150-0268
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