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Real-time and label-free biosensing using moiré pattern generated by bioresponsive hydrogel

 Semin Kim  ;  Geehong Kim  ;  Yong Woo Ji   ;  Chae-Eun Moon   ;  Yuna Jung  ;  Hyung Keun Lee   ;  JaeJong Lee   ;  Won-Gun Koh 
 BIOACTIVE MATERIALS, Vol.23 : 383-393, 2023-05 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aqueous humor ; Bioresponsive hydrogel ; Biosensing ; Intraocular lens ; Moiré pattern
Bioresponsive hydrogels are smart materials that respond to various external stimuli and exhibit great potential as biosensors owing to their capability of real-time and label-free detection. Here, we propose a sensing platform based on bioresponsive hydrogels, employing the concept of moiré patterns. Two sets of line patterns with different pitch sizes are prepared; a hydrogel grating whose pitch size changes according to external stimuli and a reference grating with constant pitch size. The volume changes of the hydrogel caused by external stimuli changes the pitch size of the hydrogel grating, and subsequently, the pitch sizes of the moiré patterns (moiré signal), whose values can be obtained in a real-time and label-free manner through customized moiré microscopy and signal processing. After confirming that the pH-induced swelling of hydrogel could be monitored using moiré patterns, we performed moiré pattern-based detection of specific proteins using protein-responsive hydrogel that underwent shrinking via interaction with target proteins. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and platelet-derived growth factor were selected as the model proteins, and our proposed system successfully detected both proteins at nanomolar levels. In both cases, the pitch size change of hydrogel grating was monitored much more sensitively using moiré patterns than through direct measurements. The changes in the moiré signals caused by target proteins were detected in ex-vivo environments using a custom-made intraocular lens incorporating the hydrogel grating, demonstrating the capability of the proposed system to detect various markers in intraocular aqueous humor, when implanted in the eye.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Hyung Keun(이형근) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1123-2136
Ji, Yong Woo(지용우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7211-6278
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