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Self-Management and Associated Factors among Patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors
 Oh Young Kwon  ;  Seung Up Kim  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Yeonsoo Jang 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.20(1) : 667, 2023-01 
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN
 1661-7827 
Issue Date
2023-01
MeSH
Cross-Sectional Studies ; Humans ; Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease* / epidemiology ; Patient Compliance ; Risk Factors ; Self-Management* ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
Korean ; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease ; self-efficacy ; self-management
Abstract
Self-management is critical and essential for controlling non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, delaying progression, and preventing complications. However, information about the self-management characteristics of this population is scarce. This study explores the characteristics and self-management levels and the factors associated with self-management in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in Korea. A convenience sample of 150 patients diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease was recruited from April to November 2019. Demographics and clinical findings were collected, and self-management, self-efficacy, fatigue, and depressive symptoms were assessed using questionnaires. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to examine the factors associated with self-management. Self-management levels were moderate (Mean = 3.4, SD = 0.61). Self-management differed significantly by age, sex, marital status, occupation, and health education experience. Self-efficacy (β = 0.074, p = 0.020) showed a significant association with self-management, which explained 25.0% of the variance after controlling for age, sex, marital status, health education experience, occupation, controlled attenuation parameter score, and body mass index. Self-efficacy is a critical determinant of self-management among patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The study findings could assist healthcare professionals in facilitating self-management compliance and developing multidisciplinary team-based interventions for sustainable self-management.
Files in This Item:
T202300227.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijerph20010667
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Oh Young(권오영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3878-9994
Kim, Seung Up(김승업) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Jang, Yeon Soo(장연수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1898-025X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/193518
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