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Soluble immune checkpoint molecules in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis

 Jung Yoon Pyo  ;  Taejun Yoon  ;  Sung Soo Ahn  ;  Jason Jungsik Song  ;  Yong-Beom Park  ;  Sang-Won Lee 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.12(1) : 21319, 2022-12 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis* ; Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic* ; B7-1 Antigen ; Biomarkers ; CD28 Antigens ; Humans ; Immune Checkpoint Proteins
Immune checkpoint molecules balance immune effector responses with regulatory reactions. We speculated that soluble immune checkpoint molecules are involved in dysregulation of the immune response and autoimmunity. We evaluated the association between soluble immune checkpoint molecules and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). A total of 56 patients with AAV from a prospective observational cohort and 40 healthy controls (HCs) were analyzed. Soluble PD-1, PD-L1, PD-L2, CTLA-4, CD28, CD80, CD86, ICOS, TIM-3, BTLA, CD40, LAG-3, TLR-2, and CD27 were measured in stored sera using the Milliplex MAP assay. Paired analyses were performed before and after the treatment. AAV-specific indices, including Birmingham vasculitis activity score, five factor score , vasculitis damage index, and blood samples, were collected. Patients with AAV had higher levels of sPD-L1, sCD28, sCD80, sCD86, sICOS, sTIM-3, sLAG-3, sTLR-2, and sCD27 and lower level of sCTLA-4 than HCs (p < 0.05). Patients with AAV had higher serum sCD28, sCD80, sTIM-3, and sCD27 levels than HCs at baseline and decreased after treatment. Furthermore, the serum levels of sCD28 and sTIM-3 were significantly correlated with disease activity. This study demonstrated altered concentrations of serum soluble immune checkpoint molecules in patients with AAV. In particular, sCD28 and sTIM-3 may act as surrogate markers of AAV disease activity.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Yong Beom(박용범)
Song, Jason Jungsik(송정식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0662-7704
Ahn, Sung Soo(안성수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9002-9880
Lee, Sang-Won(이상원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8038-3341
Pyo, Jung Yoon(표정윤)
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