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Increased risk of open-angle glaucoma in non-smoking women with obstructive pattern of spirometric tests

 Jihei Sara Lee  ;  Yong Joon Kim  ;  Sung Soo Kim  ;  Sungeun Park  ;  Wungrak Choi  ;  Hyoung Won Bae  ;  Chan Yun Kim 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.12(1) : 16915, 2022-10 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Forced Expiratory Volume ; Glaucoma, Open-Angle* / diagnosis ; Glaucoma, Open-Angle* / epidemiology ; Humans ; Prevalence ; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive* / diagnosis ; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive* / epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Spirometry ; Vital Capacity
To investigate differences in the prevalence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) between different pulmonary function types. A population-based, cross-sectional analysis was conducted using Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 2008 to 2011. A total of 8941 subjects ≥ 40 years of age were analyzed. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was defined as the ratio between first second of forced expiration (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) below 70%. The prevalence of glaucoma, as defined by the International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology, was the main outcome. OAG was more prevalent in women with COPD (8.0% vs. 4.8% normal, P = 0.001) compared to women with normal pulmonary function. Intraocular pressure (IOP) of women with COPD were 13.3 (0.2) mmHg (13.9 (0.1) mmHg for normal function, P = 0.182). Never-smokers were more prevalent in women with COPD and glaucoma (92.9% vs. 52.4% normal function; P < 0.001). COPD was found to increase the risk of glaucoma in women (OR 2.077, P = 0.017) and even further in non-smoking women (OR 2.711, P = 0.003). Women with COPD showed a higher glaucoma prevalence despite similar IOP in comparison to women with normal pulmonary function. Non-smoking COPD is significantly associated with open-angle glaucoma in women.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sung Soo(김성수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0574-7993
Kim, Yong Joon(김용준)
Kim, Chan Yun(김찬윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8373-9999
Park, Sung Eun(박성은)
Bae, Hyoung Won(배형원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8421-5636
Lee, Jihei Sara(이지혜)
Choi, Wungrak(최웅락) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3015-2502
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