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Prognostic Impact of MAFLD Following Surgical Resection of Hepatitis B Virus-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Nationwide Cohort Study

Authors
 Byungyoon Yun  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Juyeon Oh  ;  Jin-Ha Yoon  ;  Beom Kyung Kim 
Citation
 CANCERS, Vol.14(20) : 5002, 2022-10 
Journal Title
CANCERS
Issue Date
2022-10
Keywords
MAFLD ; hepatitis B virus ; hepatocellular carcinoma ; prognosis ; surgery
Abstract
The association between the metabolic effects of hepatic steatosis as a part of postoperative outcomes of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has rarely been studied. This study aimed to assess the relationship between metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) and patients' prognoses following curative resection of HBV-related HCC. Patients who underwent surgical resection for HBV-related HCC between 2009 and 2015 were recruited. The study endpoints were postoperative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence and all-cause mortality. Adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) for the outcomes were estimated using multivariate Cox regression models. The mean age of the 2032 enrolled patients was 55.0 years, and 77.9% were men. During follow-up (median 5.3 years), HCC recurrence and all-cause mortality occurred in 954 (47.0%) and 422 (20.8%) patients, respectively. HCC recurrence and all-cause mortality were significantly associated with MAFLD, with aHRs of 1.22 (p = 0.003) and 1.44 (p < 0.001), respectively. Propensity score matching and inverse probability treatment weighting analyses confirmed similar results (p < 0.05). MAFLD was associated with significantly poor prognoses in terms of HCC recurrence and all-cause mortality following surgical resection of HBV-related HCC. Further studies are needed to develop an effective preventive strategy through the management of metabolic health.
Files in This Item:
T202205316.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ cancers14205002
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Beom Kyung(김범경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-2496
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Yun, Byungyoon(윤병윤)
Yoon, Jin Ha(윤진하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4198-2955
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/192179
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