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Non-pharmacological interventions of pain management used during labour; an exploratory descriptive qualitative study of puerperal women in Adidome Government Hospital of the Volta Region, Ghana

 Kennedy Diema Konlan  ;  Agani Afaya  ;  Eugenia Mensah  ;  Amos Nawunimali Suuk  ;  Dahamata Issahaku Kombat 
 REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH, Vol.18(1) : 86, 2021-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Female ; Ghana ; Humans ; Interviews as Topic ; Labor Pain / therapy* ; Labor, Obstetric* ; Pain Management / methods* ; Patient Satisfaction ; Pregnancy ; Qualitative Research
Childbirth ; Labour ; Management ; Nonpharmacological ; Pain ; Puerperal
Background: Women have experienced labour pain over the years as various attempts have been made to effectively manage this pain. There is paucity of literature on the experiences and perceptions about labour pain management with the contemporary Ghanaian health system. This study explored the perspective of puerperal women on the use of non-pharmacological labour pain management at Adidome Government Hospital.

Methods: The study adopted an exploratory descriptive qualitative approach as data was collected through individual interviews. Informed consent was obtained from all participants who were purposely sampled until data saturation was reached on the 17th participant. Interviews were audio recorded and transcribed immediately. Thematic analysis was engaged in three interrelated stages, namely data reduction, data display, and data conclusion to analyse the transcript and field notes. Results were presented with supporting quotes from the transcripts.

Results: The women described labour pain as very severe, severe and moderate as the pain lasted more than 12 h. The various strategies adopted in managing labour pains included shouting and walking around, crying and screaming and staying calm and snapping the fingers. Other pain management strategies adopted during labour included women engaged in deep breathing exercises, chatting with other people and relatives, diversion therapy, reassurance, taking a shower, assuming side lying positions, and receiving intravenous therapy. The presence of the husband of a labouring woman during labour improved pain bearing ability.

Conclusion: It is important that midwives institute pragmatic protocols in the labour ward that ensure a relaxing atmosphere for women in labour, respond to the sensitivity and specificity of labouring women needs and when possible significant others (e.g., husband) of the labouring women could be allowed to visit. Labour wards should be made sound proof to allow women the ability to express themselves satisfactorily during labour without fear of being heard outside.
Appears in Collections:
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
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