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Glomerular subepithelial microparticles - a footprint for podocyte injury

 Yon Hee Kim  ;  Kyu Ha Huh  ;  Beom Jin Lim  ;  Beom Seok Kim  ;  Yu Seun Kim  ;  Soon Il Kim  ;  Myoung Soo Kim  ;  Juhan Lee  ;  Jung Tak Park  ;  Tae-Hyun Yoo  ;  Shin-Wook Kang  ;  Seung Hyeok Han  ;  Hyeon Joo Jeong 
 ULTRASTRUCTURAL PATHOLOGY, Vol.45(3) : 236-242, 2021-05 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Glomerular Basement Membrane ; Glomerular Mesangium ; Glomerulonephritis, IGA* ; Humans ; Podocytes* ; Proteinuria
Subepithelial microparticle ; exosome ; hyperglycemia ; immune complex ; podocyte
The aim of this study was to clarify the nature and clinical significance of glomerular subepithelial microparticles (SMPs), located between the basal surface of the podocytes and the glomerular basement membrane. Ultrastructural morphology of 79 renal biopsy samples (obtained from 25 native and 54 transplanted kidneys), showing SMPs in the last 3 years, was reevaluated with regard to the podocyte changes and clinical condition of the patients. One hundred and nine SMPs were identified, with 32.9% of the samples having two or more per glomerulus. Overall, they were most frequently located in the open capillary loops (55%). However, in the native kidney samples with mesangial deposits, 64.3% of SMPs were present in the mesangium-bound areas. Each vesicle ranged from 46.9 to 87.1 nm, and vesicles were admixed with curved strands in larger SMPs. Diffuse effacement of the foot processes and condensation of the actin filaments were present in 56.0% and 62.4% of the samples, respectively. SMPs were associated with hematuria, proteinuria of ≥ 1 gm, and immune complex deposition in the patients with native kidneys, whereas they were related to hyperglycemia and elevated serum creatinine levels in the patients with renal allografts. Patients with native and transplanted kidneys most commonly presented with IgA nephropathy and allograft rejection, respectively. Finding SMPs in the renal biopsy samples is not rare and they may act as a footprint of podocyte injury caused by diverse etiologies. Considering their size, podocyte exosomes could be a possible source of SMPs.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Shin Wook(강신욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5677-4756
Kim, Myoung Soo(김명수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8975-8381
Kim, Beom Seok(김범석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5732-2583
Kim, Soon Il(김순일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0783-7538
Kim, Yu Seun(김유선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5105-1567
Park, Jung Tak(박정탁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2325-8982
Yoo, Tae Hyun(유태현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9183-4507
Lee, Ju Han(이주한)
Lim, Beom Jin(임범진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2856-0133
Jeong, Hyeon Joo(정현주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9695-1227
Han, Seung Hyeok(한승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7923-5635
Huh, Kyu Ha(허규하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1364-6989
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