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An Ultrasonically Powered Implantable Microprobe for Electrolytic Ablation

 A Kim  ;  S K Lee  ;  T Parupudi 3 4  ;  R Rahimi  ;  S H Song  ;  M C Park  ;  S Islam  ;  J Zhou  ;  A K Majumdar  ;  J S Park  ;  J M Yoo  ;  B Ziaie 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.10(1) : 1510, 2020-01 
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Issue Date
Electrolytic ablation (EA) is a promising nonthermal tumor ablation technique that destroys malignant cells through induction of a locoregional pH change. EA is typically performed by inserting needle electrodes inside the tumor followed by application of direct current (DC), thus inducing electrolysis and creating localized pH changes around the electrodes. In this paper, we report an ultrasonically powered implantable EA microprobe that may increase the clinical relevance of EA by allowing wireless control over device operation (capability to remotely turn the device on and off) and providing flexibility in treatment options (easier to administer fractionated doses over a longer period). The wireless EA microprobe consists of a millimeter-sized piezoelectric ultrasonic receiver, a rectifier circuit, and a pair of platinum electrodes (overall size is 9x3x2mm(3)). Once implanted through a minimally invasive procedure, the microprobe can stay within a solid tumor and be repeatedly used as needed. Ultrasonic power allows for efficient power delivery to mm-scale devices implanted deep within soft tissues of the body. The microprobe is capable of producing a direct current of 90 mu A at a voltage of 5V across the electrodes under low-intensity ultrasound (similar to 200mW/cm(2)). The DC power creates acidic (pH<2) and alkaline (pH>12.9) regions around the anode and the cathode, respectively. The pH change, measured using tissue-mimicking agarose gel, extends to 0.8cm(3) in volume within an hour at an expansion rate of 0.5mm(3)/min. The microprobe-mediated EA ablative capability is demonstrated in vitro in cancer cells and ex vivo in mouse liver.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Joon Seong(박준성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8048-9990
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