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Does the Association Between Fatigue and Fatigue Self-management Preference Vary by Breast Cancer Stage?

 Min Kyeong Jang  ;  Chang Park  ;  Keon Suk Lee  ;  KyungHi Lee  ;  Eun Kyung Hwang  ;  Hye Jin Joh  ;  Kyung Hee Lim  ;  Yun Hee Ko  ;  Dong Mi Kim  ;  Jeehee Han  ;  Sue Kim 
 CANCER NURSING, Vol.45(1) : 43-51, 2022-01 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Breast Neoplasms* / complications ; Breast Neoplasms* / therapy ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Fatigue / etiology ; Fatigue / therapy ; Female ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; Quality of Life ; Self-Management* ; Young Adult
Background: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a major issue facing breast cancer survivors (BCS) that can negatively impact their symptoms and quality of life.

Objectives: The aims of this study were to examine levels of fatigue, identify preferred types of fatigue self-management, and explore the relationship between fatigue levels and management choices by cancer stage.

Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study included 229 BCS recruited from 5 hospitals in Korea. The study inclusion criteria were limited to BCS between 20 and 69 years old in stages 1, 2, or 3 who were undergoing or had completed active therapy. The Revised Piper Fatigue Scale and a questionnaire developed for fatigue management were used for data collection.

Results: The stage 2 group experienced more fatigue (mean, 5.31) than the other cancer stage groups, and significant differences in fatigue were found between stages 1 and 2 (P < .001). Fatigue self-management choices showed different correlations with fatigue levels in each stage. Physical activity control was most frequently used in stage 1, whereas exercise was most frequently used in stages 2 and 3. Multivariate regression analysis showed that exercise consistently and effectively decreased all fatigue dimensions.

Conclusion: Stage 2 BCS experienced the greatest level of CRF, and fatigue levels and management choices differed in BCS by cancer stage.

Implications for practice: Recognizing how CRF and patients' preferences for fatigue self-management may differ by cancer stage can alert clinicians in assessing CRF and tailoring effective fatigue management for BCS.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sue(김수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3785-2445
Han, Jee Hee(한지희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8330-9828
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