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Platelet Reactivity and Outcomes after Off-Pump Coronary Surgery in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients

Authors
 Sarah Soh  ;  Yu Rim Shin  ;  Jong-Wook Song  ;  Jun Hyug Choi  ;  Young-Lan Kwak  ;  Jae-Kwang Shim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, Vol.11(12) : 3285, 2022-06 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE
Issue Date
2022-06
Keywords
P2Y12 antagonist ; acute coronary syndrome ; dual anti-platelet therapy ; off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery
Abstract
Ischemic and hemorrhagic complications are major determinants of survival in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing coronary surgery. We investigated the association of preoperative platelet reactivity to P2Y12 antagonists with ischemic and hemorrhagic complications after Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass surgery (OPCAB) in ACS patients who received dual anti-platelet therapy (DAPT) within 5 days prior to surgery. This prospective, observational study with 177 patients compared the incidence of perioperative major bleeding and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in relation to the tertile distribution of the % inhibitory response to P2Y12 antagonists, as measured by a thromboelastography platelet mapping assay. The incidences of perioperative major bleeding and MACEs were similar in relation to the tertile distribution of inhibitory response to P2Y12 antagonists. The % inhibitory responses to P2Y12 antagonists between patients who did or did not exhibit MACEs, and with or without major bleeding, were 58 ± 20% and 56 ± 20% (p = 0.578) and 57 ± 19% and 56 ± 21% (p = 0.923), respectively. In ACS patients who received DAPT close to OPCAB, the platelet inhibitory response to P2Y12 antagonists was not associated with ischemic or hemorrhagic complications. OPCAB may obviate the need for routine platelet function testing for ACS patients requiring DAPT and surgical revascularization. Clinical Registration Number: NCT02184884.
Files in This Item:
T202202353.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/jcm11123285
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwak, Young Lan(곽영란) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2984-9927
Soh, Sa Rah(소사라) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5022-4617
Song, Jong Wook(송종욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7518-2070
Shin, Yu Rim(신유림)
Shim, Jae Kwang(심재광) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9093-9692
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/189387
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