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Long-Term Clinical Outcomes Between Biodegradable and Durable Polymer Drug-Eluting Stents: A Nationwide Cohort Study

 Seung-Jun Lee  ;  Dong-Woo Choi  ;  Yongsung Suh  ;  Sung-Jin Hong  ;  Chul-Min Ahn  ;  Jung-Sun Kim  ;  Byeong-Keuk Kim  ;  Young-Guk Ko  ;  Donghoon Choi  ;  Eun-Cheol Park  ;  Yangsoo Jang  ;  Chung-Mo Nam  ;  Myeong-Ki Hong 
Journal Title
Issue Date
coronary artery disease ; drug-eluting stent ; percutaneous coronary intervention ; stents ; treatment outcome
Background: Despite the theoretical benefits of biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stents (BP-DES), clinical benefits of BP-DES over durable polymer DES (DP-DES) have not been clearly demonstrated. Using data from a large-volume nationwide cohort, we compared long-term clinical outcomes between BP-DES- and DP-DES-treated patients.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study that enrolled all patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with new-generation DES between 2010 and 2016 in Korea was conducted by using the National Health Insurance Service database. The outcomes of interest were all-cause death, cardiovascular death, and myocardial infarction (MI).

Results: A total of 127,731 patients treated with new-generation DES with thin struts (<90 μm) were enrolled for this analysis. After stabilized inverse probability of treatment weighting, the incidence of all-cause death was significantly lower in patients treated with BP-DES (n = 19,521) at 5 years after PCI (11.3 vs. 13.0% in those treated with DP-DES [n = 108,067], hazard ratio [HR] 0.92, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.88-0.96, p < 0.001), while showing no statistically significant difference at 2 years after PCI (5.7 vs. 6.0%, respectively, HR 0.95, 95% CI, 0.89-1.01, p = 0.238). Similarly, use of BP-DES was associated with a lower incidence of cardiovascular death (7.4 vs. 9.6% in those treated with DP-DES, HR 0.82, 95% CI, 0.77-0.87, p < 0.001), and MI (7.4 vs. 8.7%, respectively, HR 0.90, 95% CI, 0.86-0.94, p = 0.006) at 5 years after PCI. There was no statistically significant difference of cardiovascular death (4.6 vs. 4.9%, respectively, HR 0.93, 95% CI, 0.85-1.01, p = 0.120) and MI (5.0 vs. 5.1%, respectively, HR 0.98, 95% CI, 0.92-1.05, p = 0.461) at 2 years after PCI.

Conclusions: Implantation of BP-DES was associated with a lower risk of all-cause death, cardiovascular death, and MI compared with DP-DES implantation. This difference was clearly apparent at 5 years after DES implantation.

Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrial.gov, NCT04715594.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Young Guk(고영국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7748-5788
Kim, Byeong Keuk(김병극) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2493-066X
Kim, Jung Sun(김중선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2263-3274
Nam, Chung Mo(남정모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0985-0928
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Ahn, Chul-Min(안철민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7071-4370
Lee, Seung-Jun(이승준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9201-4818
Jang, Yang Soo(장양수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2169-3112
Choi, Dong Hoon(최동훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2009-9760
Hong, Myeong Ki(홍명기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2090-2031
Hong, Sung Jin(홍성진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4893-039X
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