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Combined effects of handgrip strength and sensory impairment on the prevalence of cognitive impairment among older adults in Korea

 JuHee Lee  ;  Yujin Suh  ;  Jungah Park  ;  Go-Un Kim  ;  Sumi Lee 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.12(1) : 6713, 2022-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Cognitive Dysfunction* / diagnosis ; Hand Strength* / physiology ; Humans ; Hypesthesia ; Longitudinal Studies ; Prevalence ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology
Older adults commonly experience concurrent lower handgrip strength and sensory impairment. However, previous studies have analyzed the individual effects of either handgrip strength or sensory impairment on cognitive impairment. To address this gap, this study investigated the combined effects of handgrip strength and sensory impairment on cognitive impairment among older adults. In total, 2930 participants aged 65 and older were analyzed using 2014-2018 data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. Participants underwent assessments of handgrip strength (grip dynamometer), sensory impairment (self-reported responses), and cognitive impairment (Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination). Low handgrip strength, compared to normal handgrip strength, was associated with cognitive impairment. In participants with low handgrip strength, vision and hearing impairment were associated with cognitive impairment (odds ratio [OR] 1.36, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.06-1.75; OR 2.58, 95% CI 1.77-3.78, respectively) compared to those with normal handgrip strength. Participants with low handgrip strength and dual sensory impairment had the highest OR for cognitive impairment (OR 3.73, 95% CI 2.65-5.25). Due to the strong association of low handgrip strength and dual sensory impairment with cognitive impairment, people living with low handgrip strength and dual sensory impairment should be classified as a high-risk group for cognitive impairment and should be prioritized for interventions.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, JuHee(이주희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2805-1622
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