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Efficacy of Chenodeoxycholic Acid and Ursodeoxycholic Acid Treatments for Refractory Functional Dyspepsia

Authors
 Sung Ill Jang  ;  Tae Hoon Lee  ;  Seok Jeong  ;  Chang-Il Kwon  ;  Dong Hee Koh  ;  Yoon Jae Kim  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Min-Young Do  ;  Jae Hee Cho  ;  Dong Ki Lee 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, Vol.11(11) : 3190, 2022-06 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE
Issue Date
2022-06
Keywords
biliary dyspepsia ; functional dyspepsia ; gallbladder dyskinesia ; litholytic agent
Abstract
Refractory functional dyspepsia (RFD) is diagnosed when symptoms persist for at least 6 months despite at least two medical treatments. No consensus treatment guidelines exist. The implicated causes of functional biliary dyspepsia are a narrowed cystic duct, Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, microlithiasis, and gallbladder dyskinesia. We investigated the treatment effects of litholytic agents. RFD patients were prospectively enrolled in six tertiary medical centers. All subjects took chenodeoxycholic and ursodeoxycholic acids (CNU) twice daily for 12 weeks. We monitored their medication adherence, laboratory results, and complications. The 7-point global symptom scale test scores were determined before and after treatment. Of the 52 patients who were prospectively screened, 37 were included in the final analysis. The mean age was 51.3 years: 14 were males, and 23 were females. Before treatment, the mean number and duration of symptoms were 2.4 and 48.2 months, and a mean of 3.3 FD-related drugs were taken. The mean CNU adherence was 95.3%. The mean global symptom scale score decreased from 5.6 pretreatment to 2.6 posttreatment. The symptom improvement rate was 94.6% (35 out of 37 patients). The only adverse event was mild diarrhea (10.8%) that was resolved after conservative management. Conclusions: CNU improved the symptoms of RFD patients who did not respond to conventional medications. Litholytic agents are good treatment options for patients with RFD and biliary dyspepsia secondary to biliary microlithiasis. Further prospective, large-scale mechanistic studies are warranted
Files in This Item:
T202202120.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/jcm11113190
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Do, Min-Young(도민영)
Lee, Dong Ki(이동기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0048-9112
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Jang, Sung Ill(장성일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4937-6167
Cho, Jae Hee(조재희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4174-0091
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/188596
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