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Development of Open-Angle Glaucoma in Adults With Seropositive Rheumatoid Arthritis in Korea

Authors
 Seung Hoon Kim  ;  Sung Hoon Jeong  ;  Hyunkyu Kim  ;  Eun-Cheol Park  ;  Suk-Yong Jang 
Citation
 JAMA NETWORK OPEN, Vol.5(3) : e223345, 2022-03 
Journal Title
JAMA NETWORK OPEN
Issue Date
2022-03
MeSH
Aged ; Arthritis, Rheumatoid* / complications ; Arthritis, Rheumatoid* / epidemiology ; Cohort Studies ; Female ; Glaucoma, Open-Angle* / diagnosis ; Glaucoma, Open-Angle* / epidemiology ; Glaucoma, Open-Angle* / etiology ; Humans ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology ; Risk Factors
Abstract
Importance: Although evidence is emerging that autoimmunity may be associated with neurodegeneration in glaucoma (beyond intraocular pressure-mediated damage), there is limited evidence connecting rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the most common autoimmune disease, with the risk of developing primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).

Objective: To investigate whether RA is associated with increased risk of POAG among Korean older adults.

Design, setting, and participants: A nationwide propensity-matched cohort study was conducted using data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Senior cohort from 2002 to 2013. Data analysis was performed from November 2020 to July 2021.

Exposures: New onset RA.

Main outcomes and measures: The main outcome was development of POAG. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the cumulative incidence of POAG, and the incidence rate of POAG was estimated using a Poisson regression. A Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to investigate associations between RA and risk of POAG.

Results: Among 10 245 participants, 7490 (73.1%) were women, and the mean (SD) age was 67.70 (4.84) years. A total of 2049 patients with incident seropositive RA and 8196 time-dependent, propensity score-matched, risk-set controls were included. POAG developed in 86 of 2049 patients with RA and 254 of 8196 matched controls. The cumulative incidence of POAG was higher in the RA cohort than in the matched controls. In the RA cohort, the incidence rate of POAG was 981.8 cases per 100 000 person years (95% CI, 794.3-1213.7 cases per 100 000 person years), whereas in the matched controls, the incidence rate was 679.5 cases per 100 000 person years (95% CI, 600.8-768.3 cases per 100 000 person years). Patients with RA were more likely to develop POAG than the matched controls (hazard ratio [HR], 1.44; 95% CI, 1.13-1.84). Increased POAG risk in the RA cohort was predominantly observed 2 years into the follow-up period (HR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.28-2.61) and in those aged 75 years or older (HR, 2.12; 95% CI, 1.34-3.35).

Conclusions and relevance: These findings suggest that RA is associated with a higher risk of developing POAG, especially within 2 years after diagnosis or among patients aged 75 years or older. There may be a common pathophysiological pathway between RA and POAG that is possibly immune mediated, and the nature of this association warrants further investigation.
Files in This Item:
T202201211.pdf Download
DOI
10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.3345
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Jang, Suk Yong(장석용)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/188445
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