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Restitution Slope Affects the Outcome of Dominant Frequency Ablation in Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: CUVIA-AF2 Post-Hoc Analysis Based on Computational Modeling Study

Authors
 Je-Wook Park  ;  Byounghyun Lim  ;  Inseok Hwang  ;  Oh-Seok Kwon  ;  Hee Tae Yu  ;  Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Jae-Sun Uhm  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Hui-Nam Pak 
Citation
 FRONTIERS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE, Vol.9 : 838646, 2022-03 
Journal Title
FRONTIERS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE
Issue Date
2022-03
Keywords
atrial fibrillation ; computational modeling ; dominant frequency ; recurrence ; restitution
Abstract
Introduction: Although the dominant frequency (DF) localizes the reentrant drivers and the maximal slope of the action potential duration (APD) restitution curve (Smax) reflects the tendency of the wave-break, their interaction has never been studied. We hypothesized that DF ablation has different effects on atrial fibrillation (AF) depending on Smax.

Methods: We studied the DF and Smax in 25 realistic human persistent AF model samples (68% male, 60 ± 10 years old). Virtual AF was induced by ramp pacing measuring Smax, followed by spatiotemporal DF evaluation for 34 s. We assessed the DF ablation effect depending on Smax in both computational modeling and a previous clinical trial, CUVIA-AF (170 patients with persistent AF, 70.6% male, 60 ± 11 years old).

Results: Mean DF had an inverse relationship with Smax regardless of AF acquisition timing (p < 0.001). Virtual DF ablations increased the defragmentation rate compared to pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) alone (p = 0.015), especially at Smax <1 (61.5 vs. 7.7%, p = 0.011). In post-DF ablation defragmentation episodes, DF was significantly higher (p = 0.002), and Smax was lower (p = 0.003) than in episodes without defragmentation. In the post-hoc analysis of CUVIA-AF2, we replicated the inverse relationship between Smax and DF (r = -0.47, p < 0.001), and we observed better rhythm outcomes of clinical DF ablations in addition to a PVI than of empirical PVI at Smax <1 [hazard ratio 0.45, 95% CI (0.22-0.89), p = 0.022; log-rank p = 0.021] but not at ≥ 1 (log-rank p = 0.177).

Conclusion: We found an inverse relationship between DF and Smax and the outcome of DF ablation after PVI was superior at the condition with Smax <1 in both in-silico and clinical trials.
Files in This Item:
T202200967.pdf Download
DOI
10.3389/fcvm.2022.838646
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Tae-Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4200-3456
Park, Je Wook(박제욱)
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Yu, Hee Tae(유희태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-4759
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/188363
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