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Factors associated with difficulty in adapting and intent to leave among new graduate nurses in South Korea

Authors
 Sun-Young Park  ;  Heejung Kim  ;  Chenjuan Ma 
Citation
 HEALTH CARE MANAGEMENT REVIEW, Vol.47(2) : 168-178, 2022-04 
Journal Title
HEALTH CARE MANAGEMENT REVIEW
ISSN
 0361-6274 
Issue Date
2022-04
MeSH
Cross-Sectional Studies ; Education, Nursing, Graduate* ; Humans ; Intention ; Job Satisfaction ; Nurses* ; Personnel Turnover ; Republic of Korea ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Workplace
Abstract
Background: New graduate nurses experience difficulty in adapting to a new environment, which affects intent to leave. However, data on the factors contributing to difficulty in adapting and intent to leave among new graduate nurses are insufficient.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to explore and compare factors associated with difficulty in adapting and the intent to leave among new graduate nurses in South Korea.

Methodology: This cross-sectional study used secondary data analysis. Primary data were obtained from the 2015-2016 Korean National Graduates Occupational Mobility Survey. Descriptive statistics, independent t tests, and chi-square statistics with weighted samples besides multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted (N = 467).

Results: Roughly 46% of nurses reported difficulty adapting, and 16% expressed their intent to leave. The factors linked to difficulty in adapting were working at large hospitals with rotating shifts, low person-job fit, and low satisfaction with personal competency; intent to leave was associated with high monthly salary and low satisfaction with the workplace (all ps < .05). Difficulty in adapting did not equate to their intent to leave.

Conclusions: There were high rates of difficulty in adapting and intent to leave among new graduate nurses. Although different factors were associated with difficulty adapting and intent to leave, workplace condition is a common factor.

Practice implications: Different strategies are needed to improve adaptation and intention of leaving among new graduate nurses. For better adaptation, developing training programs enhancing professional competency with a sufficient training period is required. In addition, providing staff and resources to reduce the intent to leave is crucial.
Full Text
https://journals.lww.com/hcmrjournal/Fulltext/2022/04000/Factors_associated_with_difficulty_in_adapting_and.10.aspx
DOI
10.1097/HMR.0000000000000317
Appears in Collections:
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Heejung(김희정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3719-0111
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/188343
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