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Association of ZFHX3 Genetic Polymorphisms and Extra-Pulmonary Vein Triggers in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Who Underwent Catheter Ablation

 Inseok Hwang  ;  Oh-Seok Kwon  ;  Myunghee Hong  ;  Song-Yi Yang  ;  Je-Wook Park  ;  Hee Tae Yu  ;  Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Jae-Sun Uhm  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Hui-Nam Pak 
 FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY, Vol.12 : 807545, 2022-01 
Journal Title
Issue Date
ZFHX3 ; atrial fibrillation ; catheter ablation ; extra-pulmonary vein ; genetic polymorphism ; recurrence
Background: The ZFHX3 gene (16q22) is the second most highly associated gene with atrial fibrillation (AF) and is related to inflammation and fibrosis. We hypothesized that ZFHX3 is associated with extra-pulmonary vein (PV) triggers, left atrial (LA) structural remodeling, and poor rhythm outcomes of AF catheter ablation (AFCA). Methods: We included 1,782 patients who underwent a de novo AFCA (73.5% male, 59.4 ± 10.8 years old, 65.9% paroxysmal AF) and genome-wide association study and divided them into discovery (n = 891) and replication cohorts (n = 891). All included patients underwent isoproterenol provocation tests and LA voltage mapping. We analyzed the ZFHX3, extra-PV trigger-related factors, and rhythm outcomes. Result: Among 14 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ZFHX3, rs13336412, rs61208973, rs2106259, rs12927436, and rs1858801 were associated with extra-PV triggers. In the overall patient group, extra-PV triggers were independently associated with the ZFHX3 polygenic risk score (PRS) (OR 1.65 [1.22-2.22], p = 0.001, model 1) and a low LA voltage (OR 0.74 [0.56-0.97], p = 0.029, model 2). During 49.9 ± 40.3 months of follow-up, clinical recurrence of AF was significantly higher in patients with extra-PV triggers (Log-rank p < 0.001, HR 1.89 [1.49-2.39], p < 0.001, model 1), large LA dimensions (Log-rank p < 0.001, HR 1.03 [1.01-1.05], p = 0.002, model 2), and low LA voltages (Log-rank p < 0.001, HR 0.73 [0.61-0.86], p < 0.001, model 2) but not the ZFHX3 PRS (Log-rank p = 0.819). Conclusion: The extra-PV triggers had significant associations with both ZFHX3 genetic polymorphisms and acquired LA remodeling. Although extra-PV triggers were an independent predictor of AF recurrence after AFCA, the studied AF risk SNPs intronic in ZFHX3 were not associated with AF recurrence.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Oh-Seok(권오석)
Kim, Tae-Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4200-3456
Park, Je Wook(박제욱)
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Yu, Hee Tae(유희태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-4759
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
Hong, Myunghee(홍명희)
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