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나이관련황반변성 관련요인: 국민건강영양조사 2008-2012

Other Titles
 Factors Associated with Age-related Macular Degeneration: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2012 
Authors
 임형택  ;  강세웅  ;  신재필  ;  유승영  ;  송수정  ;  이승규  ;  김성수 
Citation
 Journal of Retina, Vol.3(1) : 34-48, 2022-03 
Journal Title
Journal of Retina
ISSN
 2508-1926 
Issue Date
2022-03
Keywords
Age-related macular degeneration ; Epidemiology ; Risk factor
Abstract
Purpose:
To evaluate the associations between early/late age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and systemic and ocular parameters using national population-based data.

Methods:
From 2008 to 2012, a total of 16,897 participants of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey underwent ophthalmologic examinations by the Korean Ophthalmological Society. Cases of early and late (neovascular and geographic atrophy) AMD were identified using digital fundus images. Risk factors were identified using logistic regression.

Results:
Age-standardized prevalence of early and late AMD among subjects aged 40 years and older was 5.5% and 0.6%, respectively. Increasing age was the most significant risk factor for both early and late AMD (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 1.09, 95% confidence interval [CI]; 1.07?1.10; aOR: 1.14, 95% CI: 1.10?1.19, respectively). Patients who slept, on average, more than nine hours per day (aOR: 0.68, 95% CI: 0.47?1.00) and who were in the lowest quintile (≤ 38.21 g/dL) of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (aOR: 0.68, 95% CI: 0.51?0.92) were significantly associated with a lower prevalence of early AMD. Increasing spherical equivalent (SE) [aOR]: 0.53 of the first quintile of SE ≤ -1.38 diopters (D), 95% CI: 0.35?0.78; aOR: 1.41 of the fifth quintile of SE ≥ +0.69 D, 95% CI: 1.07?1.86] was associated with a higher prevalence of early AMD. Lower quartile of systolic blood pressure (≤ 110.0 mmHg) was associated with a lower prevalence of neovascular AMD (aOR): 0.25, 95% CI: 0.09?0.67).

Conclusions:
Aging was the most significant risk factor for both early and late AMD. Lower level of HDL cholesterol, longer duration of sleep, and myopia had protective associations with early AMD, while lower systolic blood pressure had a protective association with neovascular AMD.
Files in This Item:
T202200257.pdf Download
DOI
10.21561/jor.2018.3.1.34
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sung Soo(김성수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0574-7993
Lee, Christopher Seungkyu(이승규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5054-9470
Rim, Tyler Hyungtaek(임형택)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/187913
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