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Clinical Outcomes of Computational Virtual Mapping-Guided Catheter Ablation in Patients With Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: A Multicenter Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial

Authors
 Yong-Soo Baek  ;  Oh-Seok Kwon  ;  Byounghyun Lim  ;  Song-Yi Yang  ;  Je-Wook Park  ;  Hee Tae Yu  ;  Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Jae-Sun Uhm  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Dae-Hyeok Kim  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Junbeom Park  ;  Hui-Nam Pak 
Citation
 FRONTIERS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE, Vol.8 : 772665, 2021-12 
Journal Title
FRONTIERS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE
Issue Date
2021-12
Keywords
atrial fibrillation ; catheter ablation ; computational modeling ; dominant frequency ; recurrence
Abstract
Background: Clinical recurrence after atrial fibrillation catheter ablation (AFCA) still remains high in patients with persistent AF (PeAF). We investigated whether an extra-pulmonary vein (PV) ablation targeting the dominant frequency (DF) extracted from electroanatomical map-integrated AF computational modeling improves the AFCA rhythm outcome in patients with PeAF. Methods: In this open-label, randomized, multi-center, controlled trial, 170 patients with PeAF were randomized at a 1:1 ratio to the computational modeling-guided virtual DF (V-DF) ablation and empirical PV isolation (E-PVI) groups. We generated a virtual dominant frequency (DF) map based on the atrial substrate map obtained during the clinical AF ablation procedure using computational modeling. This simulation was possible within the time of the PVI procedure. V-DF group underwent extra-PV V-DF ablation in addition to PVI, but DF information was not notified to the operators from the core lab in the E-PVI group. Results: After a mean follow-up period of 16.3 ± 5.3 months, the clinical recurrence rate was significantly lower in the V-DF than with E-PVI group (P = 0.018, log-rank). Recurrences appearing as atrial tachycardias (P = 0.145) and the cardioversion rates (P = 0.362) did not significantly differ between the groups. At the final follow-up, sinus rhythm was maintained without any AADs in 74.7% in the V-DF group and 48.2% in the E-PVI group (P < 0.001). No significant difference was found in the major complication rates (P = 0.489) or total procedure time (P = 0.513) between the groups. The V-DF ablation was independently associated with a reduced AF recurrence after AFCA [hazard ratio: 0.51 (95% confidence interval: 0.30-0.88); P = 0.016]. Conclusions: The computational modeling-guided V-DF ablation improved the rhythm outcome of AFCA in patients with PeAF. Clinical Trial Registration: Clinical Research Information Service, CRIS identifier: KCT0003613.
Files in This Item:
T202125071.pdf Download
DOI
10.3389/fcvm.2021.772665
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Oh-Seok(권오석)
Kim, Tae Hoon(김태훈)
Park, Je Wook(박제욱)
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Yu, Hee Tae(유희태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-4759
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Lim, Byounghyun(임병현)
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/187680
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