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Impact of COVID-19 on post-traumatic stress symptoms in the general population: An integrative review

Authors
 Soyun Hong  ;  Heejung Kim  ;  Min Kyung Park 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MENTAL HEALTH NURSING, Vol.30(4) : 834-846, 2021-08 
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MENTAL HEALTH NURSING
ISSN
 1445-8330 
Issue Date
2021-08
MeSH
Adult ; COVID-19* ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Mental Health ; Pandemics ; SARS-CoV-2 ; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic* / epidemiology
Keywords
COVID-19 ; mental health ; pandemics ; post-traumatic stress disorders ; psychological adaptation
Abstract
The coronavirus pandemic highlights the urgent need for increased support related to mental health concerns. This study aimed to synthesize the findings of empirical studies reporting the post-traumatic stress symptoms in the general population during the coronavirus pandemic. Whittemore and Knafl's (Journal of Advanced Nursing, 52, 546, 2005) integrative review methodology was used to analyse and synthesize the peer-reviewed studies. Five electronic databases, PubMed, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Cochrane and Google Scholar were searched using terms related to the coronavirus pandemic and post-traumatic stress symptoms. The quality of the studies was screened and evaluated using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. The sample size of the 16 studies included in this review ranged from 41 to 3480 participants, with a total of 18 039 participants. The majority of the participants' ages ranged from 30 to 39 years, and 57% of the participants were female. The following factors related to post-traumatic stress symptoms during the coronavirus pandemic were identified as follows: (i) risk factors included social discrimination, fear of uncontrolled contagion and financial burden or economic instability; and, (ii) protective factors included social support and timely government action. A traumatic experience itself can trigger the onset of post-traumatic stress disorder; however, depending on the risk and protection factors, each individual can experience different post-traumatic stress symptoms. Thus, mental health nurses should comprehensively understand how to reduce the influence of risk factors and enhance protective factors when dealing with the pandemic and related trauma. This study's findings are beneficial for identifying, preventing and managing post-traumatic stress symptoms associated with the coronavirus and future pandemics.
Files in This Item:
T202124829.pdf Download
DOI
10.1111/inm.12875
Appears in Collections:
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Heejung(김희정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3719-0111
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/187536
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