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Factors Associated with Subsequent Childbirth between Marriage Years in Korea

Authors
 Jeongok Park  ;  Kyoungjin Lee  ;  Heejung Kim 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.18(23) : 12560, 2021-11 
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN
 1661-7827 
Issue Date
2021-11
MeSH
Child ; Developing Countries ; Economics ; Female ; Fertility* ; Humans ; Income ; Marriage* ; Population Dynamics ; Republic of Korea ; Social Class ; Socioeconomic Factors
Keywords
child care ; social support ; women ; work-life balance ; working
Abstract
This study aimed to identify differences in factors associated with subsequent childbirth between the marriage years of 1996-2005 (Group 1) and 2006-2015 (Group 2) using the 2015 National Survey. A total of 5097 eligible participants (2492 and 2605 women in each group, respectively) were included. The main variables consisted of demographic characteristics, socio-economic status, value for child and son, and social support for raising child. For statistical analysis, discrete-time hazard models were used. The common factors associated with subsequent childbirth in both groups were son preference (Group 1: HR = 1.16; 95% CI = 1.06-1.27, Group 2: HR = 1.14; 95% CI = 1.04-1.24) and the favorable value on children (HR = 1.12; 95% CI = 1.01-1.25, HR = 1.11; 95% CI = 1.01-1.22). Only in Group 2, age at the first childbirth (HR = 1.35; 95% CI = 1.31-1.39) and more monthly income (≥4600, <6000: HR = 1.18; 95% CI = 1.04-1.33, ≥6000: HR = 1.15; 95% CI = 1.00-1.32) were significantly associated with subsequent children. Whereas, working women (HR = 0.86; 95% CI = 0.78-0.94) were less likely to have subsequent children. To increase fertility in Korea, the government must provide childcare and deal with factors associated with low fertility considering the reduction in role incomparability for women due to changes in demographic characteristics.
Files in This Item:
T202105676.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijerph182312560
Appears in Collections:
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Heejung(김희정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3719-0111
Park, Jeongok(박정옥) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4978-817X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/187433
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