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Functional Status and Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors
 Mihui Kim  ;  Yesol Kim  ;  Gi Wook Ryu  ;  Mona Choi 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol.18(20) : 10941, 2021-10 
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN
 1661-7827 
Issue Date
2021-10
MeSH
Aged ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Functional Status ; Health Status ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Peripheral Arterial Disease* / epidemiology ; Quality of Life* ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
EQ-5D-5L ; functional status ; health-related quality of life ; peripheral artery disease
Abstract
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a progressive atherosclerotic disease that negatively affects individuals' functional status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study aimed to investigate the HRQOL and associated factors in patients with PAD in Korea. We conducted a cross-sectional study using self-administered questionnaires in a tertiary hospital in Seoul. We measured HRQOL using the EuroQol-5 dimensions-5 levels (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire and the functional status using a PAD-specific walking impairment questionnaire. We also measured health behavior, social support, walking impairment, general health perceptions, and clinical characteristics; lastly, we performed a descriptive analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. Participants of this study comprised 138 patients (mean age 69.04 ± 10.94 years; men 91.3%). The mean EQ-5D-5L utility score was 0.81 ± 0.17. The patients' HRQOL was significantly associated with claudication pain (β = -0.188, p = 0.012), walking distance (β = 0.371, p < 0.001), and stair climbing (β = 0.315, p = 0.001). The regression model predicted 60.4% of patients' HRQOL (F = 15.92, p < 0.001). Our study showed that less severe claudication pain and a low degree of difficulty in walking distance and stair climbing were significantly related to better HRQOL. To enhance patients' HRQOL, health professionals should focus on managing symptoms and improving functional status.
Files in This Item:
T202105200.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijerph182010941
Appears in Collections:
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Mihui(김미희)
Kim, Yesol(김예솔)
Choi, Mona(최모나) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4694-0359
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/187165
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