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Medical student education through flipped learning and virtual rotations in radiation oncology during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross sectional research

 Tae Hyung Kim  ;  Jin Sung Kim  ;  Hong In Yoon  ;  Joongyo Lee  ;  Jason Joon Bock Lee  ;  Hwa Kyung Byun  ;  Yeona Cho  ;  Yong Bae Kim  ;  Ik Jae Lee  ;  Kyung Hwan Kim  ;  Jee Suk Chang 
 RADIATION ONCOLOGY, Vol.16(1) : 204, 2021-10 
Journal Title
Issue Date
COVID-19 / epidemiology* ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Curriculum ; Education, Medical* ; Humans ; Program Evaluation ; Radiation Oncology / education* ; SARS-CoV-2* ; Students, Medical ; Teaching ; Telemedicine ; Virtual Reality*
COVID-19 ; Flipped learning ; Medical education
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has stripped many medical students worldwide of their right to quality education. In response, we developed hybrid courses involving aspects of both online and in-person teaching for radiation oncology medical student clerkship.

Methods: We entitled students to customize their own rotation schedule using Google Forms and developed a flipped learning online class, which consisted of at least one video clip on basic knowledge of radiation oncology per day (yonsei-radonc.com). Students were instructed to watch online videos before the next day's discussion session. Required components of the medical education program (e.g., target drawing, site visits to treatment facilities) were also prepared and conducted in accordance with the appropriate level of social distancing measures. Finally, we conducted questionnaire surveys after the completion of the week-long course and clerkship.

Results: From March to June 2020, 110 fourth-year medical students undertook a clinical module in our 1-week radiation oncology program course. Each day, students completed the flipped learning prior to meeting with the educator and then participated in the online discussion session and conference. All activities were well performed as scheduled. Students' motivation was high, as was their overall satisfaction with the course. The students were satisfied with the online contents, flipped learning strategy, and instructors.

Conclusions: We successfully integrated open and virtual educational platforms to improve access to and satisfaction with student clerkship. In the future "new normal," minimized face-to-face learning interactions, such as flipped learning, should be actively utilized for medical and other students' education.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Hwan(김경환)
Kim, Yong Bae(김용배) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7573-6862
Kim, Jinsung(김진성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1415-6471
Kim, Taehyung(김태형)
Byun, Hwa Kyung(변화경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8964-6275
Yoon, Hong In(윤홍인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2106-6856
Lee, Ik Jae(이익재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7165-3373
Lee, Joongyo(이준교)
Lee, Jason Joon Bock(이준복)
Chang, Jee Suk(장지석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7685-3382
Cho, Yeona(조연아) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1202-0880
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