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A Retrospective Comparison of Hemodynamic and Clinical Outcomes between Two Differently Designed Aortic Bioprostheses for Small Aortic Annuli

Authors
 Do Jung Kim  ;  Sak Lee  ;  Hyun-Chel Joo  ;  Young-Nam Youn  ;  Kyung-Jong Yoo  ;  Seung Hyun Lee 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, Vol.10(5) : 1063, 2021-03 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE
Issue Date
2021-03
Keywords
heart valve prosthesis implantation ; hemodynamic monitoring ; prosthesis design ; small aortic annulus
Abstract
The Trifecta valve has externally mounted leaflets; it differs from classic internally mounted valves (e.g., Carpentier-Edwards [C-E]). We evaluated post-implantation hemodynamics and clinical outcomes of these bioprostheses in small aortic annuli. From January 2015 to April 2019, 490 patients who underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR) were reviewed retrospectively. Altogether, 183 patients received 19 or 21 mm diameter C-E (n = 121) or Trifecta (n = 62) prostheses. To minimize confounding variables, we performed propensity-score matching analysis. The mean transvalvular pressure gradient (TVPG) was significantly lower in the Trifecta than in the C-E group at discharge (12.9 ± 4.8 vs. 15.0 ± 5.3 mmHg, p = 0.044). TVPG change over time was not significantly different between groups (p = 0.357). Left ventricular mass index decreased postoperatively (reduction: C-E, 28.1%; Trifecta, 30.1%, p = 0.879). No late mortality, severe patient-prosthesis mismatch, moderate-to-severe paravalvular leakage, structural valve degeneration, or valve thromboses were observed. Freedom from valve-related events at 3 years were similar for C-E (97.9% ± 2.1%) and Trifecta (97.7% ± 2.2%) patients (log-rank p = 0.993). Bioprosthesis design for small annuli significantly affected TVPG immediately after AVR. However, hemodynamics over time and clinical outcomes did not differ between the two designs.
Files in This Item:
T202104830.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/jcm10051063
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yoo, Kyung Jong(유경종) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9858-140X
Youn, Young Nam(윤영남)
Lee, Sak(이삭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6130-2342
Lee, Seung Hyun(이승현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0311-6565
Joo, Hyun Chel(주현철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6842-2942
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/186928
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