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Association Between Cohabitation Status and Sleep Quality in Families of Persons With Dementia in Korea: A Cross-sectional Study

 Seung Hoon Kim  ;  Minah Park  ;  Sung Hoon Jeong  ;  Sung-In Jang  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Vol.54(5) : 317-329, 2021-09 
Journal Title
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
Issue Date
Caregivers ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Dementia* / epidemiology ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology ; Sleep
Cohabitation status ; Dementia ; Family of a dementia patient ; Residence of a dementia patient ; Sleep quality
Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the association between cohabitation status and sleep quality in family members of people with dementia (PwDs).

Methods: Data of 190 365 participants aged ≥19 years from the 2018 Korea Community Health Survey were analyzed. Participants were categorized according to their cohabitation status with PwDs. Multiple logistic regression and ordinal logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the relationship between the cohabitation status of PwDs' relatives and sleep quality measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and PSQI subscales.

Results: Compared to participants without PwDs in their families, both cohabitation and non-cohabitation with PwDs were associated with poor sleep quality (cohabitation, male: odds ratio [OR],1.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08 to 1.52; female: OR, 1.40; 95% CI, 1.20 to 1.64; non-cohabitation, male: OR, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.05 to 1.24; female: OR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.14 to 1.33). In a subgroup analysis, non-cohabiting family members showed the highest odds of experiencing poor sleep quality when the PwD lived alone (male: OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.14 to 1.91; female: OR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.24 to 2.01). Cohabiting male and female participants had higher odds of poor subjective sleep quality and use of sleeping medications than non-cohabiting male and female participants, respectively.

Conclusions: The residence of PwDs and cohabitation status may contribute to poor sleep quality among PwDs' family members. The circumstances faced by cohabiting and non-cohabiting family members should be considered when evaluating sleep quality in family members of PwDs, and appropriate interventions may be needed to improve sleep quality in both cohabiting and non-cohabiting family members.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Jang, Sung In(장성인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0760-2878
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