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Changes in adhesive force between the retina and the retinal pigment epithelium by laser photocoagulation in rabbits

 Oh Woong Kwon  ;  Sehang Yeon Kim 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.36(3) : 243-250, 1995-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adhesiveness ; Animals ; Laser Coagulation* ; Pigment Epithelium of Eye / physiology* ; Rabbits ; Retina / physiology* ; Retinal Detachment / prevention & control ; Time Factors
Laser photocoagulation ; chorioretinal adhesion ; vitectomy ; aspiration ; retinal detachment
A closed eyeball model was designed to estimate the chorioretinal adhesion of the laser-photocoagulated region. We used it to measure the duration of development of retinal detachment during vitrectomy before and after killing the test rabbits. During testing, negative pressure was applied into the vitreous cavity of the pigmented rabbits. Laser burns were produced in the posterior retina by exposure to an argon blue-green laser beam with a focus diameter of 200 µm of 0.1 to 0.2 second duration and 150 to 250 mW intensity. One hour and one, two, five, seven and fourteen days following laser photocoagulation, vitrectomy was done with a cutting rate of 500 per minute, aspiration pressure of 50 mmHg and infusion pressure of 55.2 mmHg. After core vitrectomy, the rabbit was killed with an intravenous bolus of 100 mg sodium pentobarbital solution. After killing the rabbit, the vitreous cavity was continuously aspirated under the pressure of 25 mmHg while the infusion was stopped. The changes of the fundus, especially development of retinal detachment, were observed in the laser-treated and untreated regions before and after killing the rabbit. When retinal detachment was noted anywhere before killing the rabbit, this postmortem change was not observed. One hour following laser photocoagulation, the laser-treated retina was detached during core vitrectomy before killing the rabbit, and the untreated area was not detached. One day following photocoagulation, the retina was intact before killing the rabbit. After killing the rabbit, the laser-treated retina was detached in four minutes and the untreated retina in 18 minutes postmortem.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Oh Woong(권오웅)
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