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Prognostic value of prostate volume in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer

 Won Sik Ham  ;  Jee Soo Park  ;  Won Sik Jang  ;  Young Deuk Choi  ;  Jongchan Kim 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 18784, 2021-09 
Journal Title
Issue Date
There is evidence that a history of benign prostatic hyperplasia increases the incidence of bladder cancer, and treatment with 5-alpha reductase inhibitor or androgen deprivation therapy reduces recurrence of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. We aimed to evaluate whether prostate volume affects its prognosis. We reviewed medical records of men who underwent transurethral resection of bladder tumor due to non-muscle invasive bladder cancer from January 2012 to December 2017. Patients were divided into two groups based on prostate volume measured by computed tomography (group 1: 264 patients with ≤ 30 mL, group 2: 124 patients with > 30 mL). Propensity score matching analysis was used for adjust selection bias, and then assessed recurrence-free survival and progression-free survival. With a median follow up duration of 52 months, group 1 showed higher 5-year recurrence-free and progression-free survival (69.3% vs 47.0%, p = 0.001; 96.7% vs 87.7%, p = 0.002). Further, cox-regression analysis showed that tumor size (HR = 1.292 p < 0.001), multifocal tumor (HR = 1.993, p < 0.001), adjuvant intravesical therapy (chemotherapy: HR = 0.580, p = 0.037 and bacillus Calmette-Guérin: HR = 0.542, p = 0.004) and prostate volume (HR = 2.326, p < 0.001) were significant predictors of recurrence-free survival. Prostate volume (HR = 2.886, p = 0.014) was also associated with PFS with age (HR = 1.043, p = 0.044) and tumor grade (HR = 3.822, p = 0.013). We conclude higher prostate volume is associated with worse recurrence and progression-free survival in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jong Chan(김종찬) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0022-6689
Park, Jee Soo(박지수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9976-6599
Jang, Won Sik(장원식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9082-0381
Choi, Young Deuk(최영득) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8545-5797
Ham, Won Sik(함원식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2246-8838
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