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Soluble IL-2R Levels Predict in-Hospital Mortality in COVID-19 Patients with Respiratory Failure

Authors
 Hye Jin Jang  ;  Ah Young Leem  ;  Kyung Soo Chung  ;  Jin Young Ahn  ;  Ji Ye Jung  ;  Young Ae Kang  ;  Moo Suk Park  ;  Young Sam Kim  ;  Su Hwan Lee 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, Vol.10(18) : 4242, 2021-09 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE
Issue Date
2021-09
Keywords
coronavirus disease 2019 ; mortality ; respiratory failure ; soluble interleukin-2 receptor
Abstract
Acute respiratory distress syndrome is the primary cause of death in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. Our study aims to determine the association between serum markers and mortality in COVID-19 patients with respiratory failure. This retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in South Korea. Forty-nine patients with COVID-19, who required high flow nasal cannulation or mechanical ventilation from February 2020 to April 2021, were included. Demographic and laboratory data were analyzed at baseline and on Day 7 of admission. We found that serum creatinine, troponin, procalcitonin, and soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) at baseline were more elevated in the non-survivor group, but were not associated with mechanical ventilator use on Day 7. Older age, PaO2/FiO2 ratio, lymphocyte and platelet counts, lactate dehydrogenase, IL-6, C-reactive protein, and sIL-2R on Day 7 were significantly associated with mortality. Delta sIL-2R (Day 7-Day 0) per standard deviation was significantly higher in the non-survivor group (adjusted hazard ratio 3.225, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.151-9.037, p = 0.026). Therefore, sIL-2R could predict mortality in COVID-19 patients with respiratory failure. Its sustained elevation suggests a hyper-inflammatory state, and mirrors the severity of COVID-19 in patients with respiratory failure, thereby warranting further attention.
Files in This Item:
T202104536.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/jcm10184242
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Young Ae(강영애) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7783-5271
Kim, Young Sam(김영삼) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9656-8482
Park, Moo Suk(박무석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0820-7615
Ahn, Jin Young(안진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3740-2826
Lee, Su Hwan(이수환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3487-2574
Leem, Ah Young(임아영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5165-3704
Jang, Hye Jin(장혜진)
Jung, Kyung Soo(정경수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1604-8730
Jung, Ji Ye(정지예) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1589-4142
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/185978
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