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Disability and Economic Loss Caused by Headache among Information Technology Workers in Korea

 Byung Kun Kim  ;  Soo Jin Cho  ;  Chang Soo Kim  ;  Fumihiko Sakai  ;  David W Dodick  ;  Min Kyung Chu 
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROLOGY, Vol.17(4) : 546-557, 2021-09 
Journal Title
Issue Date
cost of illness ; disability ; migraine ; quality of life ; tension-type headache ; work performance
Background and purpose: Headache disorders are a leading cause of disability globally. However, there is inadequate information available about these disorders and the related economic loss in the workplace in Asian countries. Information technology (IT) jobs are intellectually and cognitively challenging, and hence IT workers are a suitable population for assessing headache disorders and related economic loss.

Methods: We sent invitation emails to all employees of selected IT companies. A comprehensive Web-based questionnaire regarding headache characteristics, disability, quality of life, and economic loss was completed by 522 participants from 8 companies.

Results: The participants included 450 (86.2%) who had experienced headache more than once during the previous year. The frequencies of migraine, probable migraine (PM), and tension-type headache (TTH) were 18.2%, 21.1%, and 37.0%, respectively. The Migraine Disability Assessment score was higher for participants with migraine [median and interquartile range, 3.0 (0.0-6.0)] than for those with PM [0.0 (0.0-2.0), p<0.001] and TTH [0.0 (0.0-1.0), p<0.001]. The estimated annual economic losses caused by migraine per person associated with absenteeism and presenteeism were USD 197.5±686.1 and USD 837.7±22.04 (mean±standard deviation), respectively. The total annual economic loss per person caused by migraine (USD 1,023.3±1,972.7) was higher than those caused by PM (USD 424.8±1,209.1, p<0.001) and TTH (USD 197.6±636.4, p<0.001).

Conclusions: Migraine, PM, and TTH were found to be prevalent among IT workers in Korea. Disability and economic loss were significantly greater in participants with migraine than in those with PM or TTH.
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Chang Soo(김창수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5940-5649
Chu, Min Kyung(주민경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6221-1346
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