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Ethnic similarities in genetic polymorphisms associated with atrial fibrillation: Far East Asian vs European populations

Authors
 Myunghee Hong  ;  Yusuke Ebana  ;  Jaemin Shim  ;  Eue-Keun Choi  ;  Hong Euy Lim  ;  Inseok Hwang  ;  Hee Tae Yu  ;  Tae-Hoon Kim  ;  Jae-Sun Uhm  ;  Boyoung Joung  ;  Seil Oh  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Young-Hoon Kim  ;  Sun Ha Jee  ;  Hui-Nam Pak 
Citation
 EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, Vol.51(9) : e13584, 2021-09 
Journal Title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION
ISSN
 0014-2972 
Issue Date
2021-09
Keywords
Asian ; atrial fibrillation ; genetics ; genome-wide association study ; meta-analysis
Abstract
Background: In European ancestry, 111 genetic loci were identified as associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). We explored the reproducibility of those single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis of Far East Asian populations. Methods: We performed a meta-analysis of the Korean AF network and Japanese AF data sets (9118 cases and 33 467 controls) by an inverse-variance fixed-effects model. We compared the results with 111 previously reported SNPs proven in Europeans after excluding 36 missing loci and a locus with a minor allelic frequency (MAF) < 0.01 in the European population. Results: Among remaining 74 loci, 29 loci were replicated at a P < .05, and 17 of those loci were newly found in the Far East Asian population: 3 loci with a P < 5×10-8 (METTL11B at 1q24, KCNN2 at 5q22 and LRMDA at 10q22), 4 loci at the threshold of the Bonferroni correction of P = 4.5 × 10-4 ~ 5×10-8 (KIF3C at 2p23, REEP3, NRBF2 at 10q21, SIRT1, MYPN at 10q21 and CFL2 at 14q13) and 10 SNPs with a P = .05 ~ 4.5 × 10-4 . Among 18 AF loci with a MAF< 0.01 in the Far East Asian populations, 2 loci (GATA4 at 8q23 and SGCG at 13q12) were replicated after a fine mapping. Twenty-seven AF loci, including a locus, which had a sufficient sample size to get a power of over 80% (with a type 1 error α = 4.5 × 10-4 ), were not replicated in the Far East Asian populations. Conclusions: We newly replicated 19 AF-associated genetic loci in the European descent among the Far East Asian populations. It highlights the extensive sharing of AF genetic risks across Far East Asian populations.
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/eci.13584
DOI
10.1111/eci.13584
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Tae Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3598-2529
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Shim, Jae Min(심재민)
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Yu, Hee Tae(유희태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6835-4759
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
Jee, Sun Ha(지선하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9519-3068
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/185434
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