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Evaluation of body composition using computed tomography in patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis

 Sung Soo Ahn  ;  Byung-Woo Yoo  ;  Hyeok Chan Kwon  ;  Juyoung Yoo  ;  Seung Min Jung  ;  Jason Jungsik Song  ;  Yong-Beom Park  ;  Sang-Won Lee 
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, Vol.36(5) : 1221-1232, 2021-09 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis ; Body composition ; Computed tomography ; Prognosis ; Visceral adipose tissue
Background/aims: Measures of body composition, including visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), and skeletal muscle area (SMA), are considered important prognostic factors in chronic diseases. The association of these measures with auto-inflammatory disorders, such as anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV), remains unclear. We investigated the clinical significance of VAT, SAT, and SMA in patients with AAV.

Methods: Patients with AAV subjected to chest computed tomography (CT), abdominal CT, or positron emission tomography-CT on diagnosis of AAV were evaluated. Quantitative assessment of VAT, SAT, and SMA was performed at the third lumbar vertebral level and computed by summing the pixel attenuation for tissue-specific Hounsfield units in the corresponding region. Associations of VAT, SAT, and SMA with clinical and laboratory data and clinical outcome measures were evaluated.

Results: Of the 117 patients, 61 (52.1%) were classified as having microscopic polyangiitis, 28 (23.9%) as granulomatosis with polyangiitis, and 28 (23.9%) as eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. VAT significantly correlated with age, weight, body mass index (BMI), and Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score, whereas SAT correlated with weight, BMI, and creatinine levels. A significant association was found between SMA and age, height, weight, BMI, and the Five-Factor Score. Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that creatinine levels (odds ratio [OR], 1.346; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.034 to 1.753; p = 0.027) and high VAT (OR, 7.137; 95% CI, 1.343-37.946; p = 0.021) were independently associated with all-cause mortality during follow-up.

Conclusion: Evaluation of VAT using CT is useful for estimating disease activity and all-cause mortality in patients with AAV.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Yong Beom(박용범)
Song, Jason Jungsik(송정식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0662-7704
Ahn, Sung Soo(안성수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9002-9880
Yoo, Byung Woo(유병우)
Yoo, Juyoung(유주영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8882-1695
Lee, Sang-Won(이상원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8038-3341
Jung, SeungMin(정승민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3465-2181
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