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Post-Operative Complications and Nipple Necrosis Rates Between Conventional and Robotic Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy

 Jeea Lee  ;  Hyung Seok Park  ;  Haemin Lee  ;  Dong Won Lee  ;  Seung Yong Song  ;  Dae Hyun Lew  ;  Jee Ye Kim  ;  Seho Park  ;  Seung Il Kim 
 FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY, Vol.10 : 594388, 2021-01 
Journal Title
Issue Date
breast neoplasms ; minimal invasive surgery ; nipple necrosis ; nipple-sparing mastectomy ; robotic mastectomy
Purpose: This study is to directly compare surgical outcomes between conventional nipple-sparing mastectomy (CNSM) and robot-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy (RNSM).

Materials and method: For this case-control study, 369 cases of 333 patients who underwent CNSM or RNSM with immediate reconstruction between November 2016 and January 2019 at Severance Hospital in Seoul, Republic of Korea were reviewed. Patients with stage IV breast cancer (n = 1), receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n = 43), or subjected to previous operations (n = 14) or radiotherapy on the breasts were excluded. The main outcomes were comparing rates of post-operative complications, of high-grade post-operative complications as defined by the Clavien-Dindo classification, and nipple necrosis between the CNSM and the RNSM groups.

Results: A total of 311 cases, including 270 CNSMs and 41 RNSMs, were analyzed. The rates of post-operative nipple necrosis (p = 0.026, 2.4 vs. 15.2%) and of high-grade post-operative complications (p = 0.031, 34.8 vs. 17.1%) in the RNSM group were significantly lower than those in the CNSM group.

Conclusion: RNSM was associated with lower rates of high-grade post-operative complications and nipple necrosis than CNSM for patients with small breast volumes and less ptotic breasts.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (성형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Seung Il(김승일)
Park, Se Ho(박세호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8089-2755
Park, Hyung Seok(박형석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5322-6036
Song, Seung Yong(송승용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3145-7463
Lew, Dae Hyun(유대현)
Lee, Dong Won(이동원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0046-3139
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