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Association between successful aging transitions and depressive symptoms among older Korean adults: findings from the Korean longitudinal study of aging (2006-2018)

 Fatima Nari  ;  Bich Na Jang  ;  Selin Kim  ;  Wonjeong Jeong  ;  Sung-In Jang  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
 BMC GERIATRICS, Vol.21(1) : 352, 2021-06 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Aging* ; Depression* / diagnosis ; Depression* / epidemiology ; Female ; Humans ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Mental Health ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology
KLoSA ; Successful aging ; depressive symptoms ; longitudinal analysis ; older adults
Background: The importance of SA (Successful aging) has been emphasized in recent years, with focus shifting towards attaining healthier aging rather than longevity. However, the influence of SA and its changes on mental health such as depression remains a relatively unexplored area in gerontology. Therefore, we investigated the longitudinal association between changes in SA and depressive symptoms in Korean older adults. Methods: This study comprised a longitudinal sample of older adults aged ≥ 45 years, drawn from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-2018). Changes in SA status was determined using the Rowe and Kahn model over two consecutive years. Using an adjusted generalized estimating equation model, we examined the association between changes in successful aging status, namely SA and NSA (Non-successful aging), and depressive symptoms. Results: Compared to the SA→SA group, depressive symptom risk in the NSA→NSA and SA→NSA groups were higher in men [(OR, 1.16; 95 % CI, 1.13-1.18), (OR, 1.11; 95 % CI, 1.08-1.13), respectively] and in women [(OR, 1.15; 95 % CI, 1.13-1.18), (OR, 1.11; 95 % CI, 1.09-1.14), respectively]. Subgroup analysis of the dimensions of successful aging revealed that low or worsening criteria of successful aging status in men and women were associated with depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Korean older adults who continuously failed to attain or maintain successful aging status had the highest risk of depressive symptoms. These results could further assist in establishing policies and interventions that promote successful aging and subsequently protect the mental health of the Korean older adult population.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Jang, Sung In(장성인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0760-2878
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