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Chronic Treatment of Ascorbic Acid Leads to Age-Dependent Neuroprotection against Oxidative Injury in Hippocampal Slice Cultures

Authors
 Kyung Hee Lee  ;  Un Jeng Kim  ;  Myeounghoon Cha  ;  Bae Hwan Lee 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, Vol.22(4) : 1608, 2021-02 
Journal Title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
Issue Date
2021-02
Keywords
aging ; antioxidant ; ascorbic acid ; neuroprotection ; organotypic hippocampal slice culture
Abstract
Increased oxidative damage in the brain, which increases with age, is the cause of abnormal brain function and various diseases. Ascorbic acid (AA) is known as an endogenous antioxidant that provides neuronal protection against oxidative damage. However, with aging, its extracellular concentrations and uptake decrease in the brain. Few studies have dealt with age-related functional changes in the brain to sustained ascorbate supplementation. This study aimed to investigate the susceptibility of hippocampal neurons to oxidative injury following acute and chronic AA administration. Oxidative stress was induced by kainic acid (KA, 5 µM) for 18 h in hippocampal slice cultures. After KA exposure, less neuronal cell death was observed in the 3 w cultured slice compared to the 9 w cultured slice. In the chronic AA treatment (6 w), the 9 w-daily group showed reduced neuronal cell death and increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Nrf2 expressions compared to the 9 w. In addition, the 9 w group showed delayed latencies and reduced signal activity compared to the 3 w, while the 9 w-daily group showed shorter latencies and increased signal activity than the 9 w. These results suggest that the maintenance of the antioxidant system by chronic AA treatment during aging could preserve redox capacity to protect hippocampal neurons from age-related oxidative stress.
Files in This Item:
T202102529.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijms22041608
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Physiology (생리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Un Jeng(김은정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0968-0252
Lee, Bae Hwan(이배환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4719-9021
Cha, Myeoung Hoon(차명훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7993-672X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/184191
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