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Scopolamine promotes neuroinflammation and delirium-like neuropsychiatric disorder in mice

Authors
 So Yeong Cheon  ;  Bon-Nyeo Koo  ;  So Yeon Kim  ;  Eun Hee Kam  ;  Junhyun Nam  ;  Eun Jung Kim 
Citation
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 8376, 2021-04 
Journal Title
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
Issue Date
2021-04
Abstract
Postoperative delirium is a common neuropsychiatric syndrome resulting a high postsurgical mortality rate and decline in postdischarge function. Extensive research has been performed on both human and animal delirium-like models due to their clinical significance, focusing on systematic inflammation and consequent neuroinflammation playing a key role in the pathogenesis of postoperative cognitive dysfunctions. Since animal models are widely utilized for pathophysiological study of neuropsychiatric disorders, this study aimed at examining the validity of the scopolamine-induced delirium-like mice model with respect to the neuroinflammatory hypothesis of delirium. Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with intraperitoneal scopolamine (2 mg/kg). Neurobehavioral tests were performed to evaluate the changes in cognitive functions, including learning and memory, and the level of anxiety after surgery or scopolamine treatment. The levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-18, and TNF-α) and inflammasome components (NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1) in different brain regions were measured. Gene expression profiles were also examined using whole-genome RNA sequencing analyses to compare gene expression patterns of different mice models. Scopolamine treatment showed significant increase in the level of anxiety and impairments in memory and cognitive function associated with increased level of pro-inflammatory cytokines and NLRP3 inflammasome components. Genetic analysis confirmed the different expression patterns of genes involved in immune response and inflammation and those related with the development of the nervous system in both surgery and scopolamine-induced mice models. The scopolamine-induced delirium-like mice model successfully showed that analogous neuropsychiatric changes coincides with the neuroinflammatory hypothesis for pathogenesis of delirium.
Files in This Item:
T202101938.pdf Download
DOI
10.1038/s41598-021-87790-y
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Koo, Bon-Nyeo(구본녀) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3189-1673
Kim, So Yeon(김소연) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5352-157X
Kim, Eun Jung(김은정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5693-1336
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/184047
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