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Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio in Patients with Acute Heart Failure Predicts In-Hospital and Long-Term Mortality

Authors
 Jun Hwan Cho  ;  Hyun-Jai Cho  ;  Hae-Young Lee  ;  You-Jeong Ki  ;  Eun-Seok Jeon  ;  Kyung-Kuk Hwang  ;  Shung Chull Chae  ;  Sang Hong Baek  ;  Seok-Min Kang  ;  Dong-Ju Choi  ;  Byung-Su Yoo  ;  Kye Hun Kim  ;  Jae-Joong Kim  ;  Byung-Hee Oh 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, Vol.9(2) : 557, 2020-02 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE
Issue Date
2020-02
Keywords
acute heart failure ; mortality ; neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio ; outcome ; survival
Abstract
The application of a simple blood test to predict prognosis in acute heart failure (AHF) patients is not well established. Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is inexpensive and easy to obtain in hospitalized patients using a routine blood test. We evaluate the prognostic implications of NLR as an independent predictor of in-hospital and long-term mortality in AHF patients. Among 5625 patients enrolled in the Korean Acute Heart Failure registry, 5580 patients were classified into quartiles by their NLR level, and analyzed for in-hospital and post-discharge three-year mortality. Patients in the highest NLR quartile had the highest in-hospital and post-discharge three-year mortality. The same results were seen by dividing the aggravating factor into the infection or ischemia group and the non-infection or non-ischemia group. For patients aggravated from infection or ischemia, a cut-off NLR value was 7.0 that increase the risk of in-hospital and post-discharge three-year mortality. In subgroups of patients not aggravated from infection or ischemia, a cut-off NLR value was 5.0 that increase the risk of in-hospital and post discharge three-year mortality. Elevated NLR in AHF patients at the index hospitalization is an independent predictor for in-hospital and post-discharge three-year mortality. Taken together, NLR is a marker for risk assessment of AHF patients.
Files in This Item:
T202006783.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/jcm9020557
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Seok Min(강석민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9856-9227
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182744
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