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HIGHER-ORDER ABERRATIONS IN EYES WITH SILICONE OIL TAMPONADE

Authors
 Joo Youn Shin  ;  In Kwon Chung  ;  Ga Hee Han  ;  Suk Ho Byeon  ;  Jin Hyoung Kim  ;  Doh Lee  ;  Jonghyun Lee 
Citation
 RETINA-THE JOURNAL OF RETINAL AND VITREOUS DISEASES, Vol.40(4) : 735-742, 2020-04 
Journal Title
RETINA-THE JOURNAL OF RETINAL AND VITREOUS DISEASES
ISSN
 0275-004X 
Issue Date
2020-04
MeSH
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Corneal Wavefront Aberration / diagnosis ; Corneal Wavefront Aberration / etiology ; Corneal Wavefront Aberration / physiopathology* ; Endotamponade / methods* ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Refraction, Ocular / physiology* ; Retinal Diseases / surgery* ; Retrospective Studies ; Silicone Oils / administration & dosage* ; Visual Acuity* ; Vitreoretinal Surgery / methods* ; Young Adult
Abstract
Purpose: To investigate the changes in higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after silicone oil removal and to evaluate their associations with visual acuity.

Methods: Fifty-nine eyes of 58 patients who underwent SO removal were included. Total, corneal, and internal optic HOAs, and best-corrected visual acuity were measured before and 1 month after SO removal, and changes were compared between phakic and pseudophakic eyes.

Results: Total ocular and internal optic HOAs decreased significantly after SO removal both in pseudophakic (n = 40, all P < 0.001) and phakic eyes (n = 19, P = 0.017, P = 0.004). Preoperative HOAs (P < 0.001) and changes in HOAs (P = 0.006) were greater in pseudophakic eyes than in phakic eyes. Best-corrected visual acuity was significantly improved after SO removal, from 20/105 to 20/78 (P < 0.001) in pseudophakic eyes, whereas there was no difference in phakic eyes (P = 0.714). Preoperative HOAs and the reduction in HOAs after SO removal were greater in best-corrected visual acuity-improved eyes than best-corrected visual acuity-unchanged eyes (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Silicone oil tamponade induced an increase in HOAs, and these increases were greater in pseudophakic eyes than in phakic eyes. Silicone oil may cause additional visual impairments because of HOAs, beyond those caused by retinal diseases, particularly in pseudophakic eyes.
Full Text
https://oce.ovid.com/article/00006982-202004000-00018/HTML
DOI
10.1097/IAE.0000000000002442
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Byeon, Suk Ho(변석호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8101-0830
Shin, Joo Youn(신주연) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4543-477X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182585
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