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Anatomical analysis of mandibular posterior teeth for endodontic microsurgery: a cone-beam computed tomographic evaluation

 Kug Jin Jeon  ;  Chena Lee  ;  Yoon Joo Choi  ;  Sang-Sun Han 
 CLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS, Vol.25(4) : 2391-2397, 2021-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography* ; Humans ; Mandible / diagnostic imaging ; Mandible / surgery ; Microsurgery* ; Molar / diagnostic imaging ; Molar / surgery ; Tooth Root
Cone-beam computed tomography ; Endodontics ; Mandible ; Microsurgery ; Tooth
Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the anatomical structures relevant for endodontic microsurgery in the mandibular posterior teeth using a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Material and methods: A total of 963 mandibular posterior teeth were analyzed in CBCT scans from 133 patients. The buccolingual and mesiodistal dimensions of the root and the buccal bone thickness overlying the root were measured at the site of root resection (apical 3 mm). At this location, the relationship between the buccal cortical bone and root was classified into three types (separated, contact, and exposed), and the distance from the root apex to the mandibular canal was measured. Results: The thickest buccolingual dimension of the roots was found in the mesial roots of first molars, at 5.59 ± 0.97 mm. The buccal bone thickness overlying the root became thicker in posterior tooth locations. In the first premolar and first molar mesial root, contact was the most common type of relationship between the buccal cortical bone and root. As the position of the teeth became more posterior, the distance from the apex to the mandibular canal became shorter. Conclusions: As the position of the teeth became more posterior, the buccal bone thickness increased and the distance to the mandibular canal became closer; therefore, particular attention is required for posterior teeth. The first premolar and the first molar mesial root are often in contact with the buccal cortical bone, which may allow infections to spread to the buccal structure more easily and negatively affect for post-surgical healing. Clinical relevance: When planning and performing endodontic microsurgery, understanding the anatomical structure of the surgical site will help minimize tissue damage and reduce complications.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (영상치의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Chena(이채나) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8943-4192
Jeon, Kug Jin(전국진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5862-2975
Choi, Yoon Joo(최윤주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9225-3889
Han, Sang Sun(한상선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1775-7862
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