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Prediction of Insulin Resistance by Modified Triglyceride Glucose Indices in Youth

 Kyungchul Song  ;  Goeun Park  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Youngha Choi  ;  Jun Suk Oh  ;  Han Saem Choi  ;  Junghwan Suh  ;  Ahreum Kwon  ;  Ho-Seong Kim  ;  Hyun Wook Chae 
 LIFE-BASEL, Vol.11(4) : 286, 2021-03 
Journal Title
Issue Date
adolescent ; child ; glucose ; insulin resistance ; triglycerides
The triglyceride glucose (TyG) index, derived from a combination of fasting glucose and triglycerides, has been suggested as a useful marker for insulin resistance (IR), in addition to modified TyG indices that combine obesity parameters. This study investigated the association and utility of TyG and modified TyG indices for IR prediction in youth. Based on the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey, the data of 3728 youth aged 10-19 years were analyzed. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of tertiles 2 and 3 for each parameter were calculated and compared with tertile 1 as a reference. To compare the parameters for identifying IR, receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. The ORs and 95% CIs for insulin resistance (IR) progressively increased across tertiles of each parameter. Overall, all modified TyG indices presented higher ORs and AUC than the TyG index. The TyG-body mass index standard deviation score showed the largest AUC for IR detection in all subjects. In conclusion, TyG and modified TyG indices could be used as valuable markers for the prediction of IR in youth. Moreover, modified TyG indices had better diagnostic accuracy than the TyG index.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Others (기타) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Ah Reum(권아름) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9692-2135
Kim, Ho Seong(김호성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1135-099X
Park, Goeun(박고은)
Suh, Junghwan(서정환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2092-2585
Song, Kyungchul(송경철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8497-5934
Chae, Hyun Wook(채현욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5016-8539
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